What is rabies?

Rabies is a deadly virus that infects the central nervous system. (central nervous system) and causes acute encephalitis. Rabies can affect all types of warm-blooded animals, including person. From animals to humans, rabies virus most often transmitted through animal bites – although there have been cases of human infection in caves and attics from bats after inhaling air (inhalation of infection). Rabies infection is almost always fatal if treatment is not started before how did the symptoms of rabies appear.

Infected people who do not receive preventive treatment after contact with the virus they will experience fever, muscle pain and a headache that eventually goes to inflammation brain, cramps, confusion, paralysis, coma, and death. The incubation period of rabies (the time period from the moment of infection before the onset of symptoms) is usually 4 to 8 weeks, in in some cases, only one week.

More than 55,000 people die of rabies annually worldwide, 95% of them are in Asia and Africa. Usually, rabies infection occurs through the bite of infected animals, including dogs, cats, skunks, wolves, foxes, raccoons and bats. Most deaths people occur after a dog bite, from 30% to 60% of them are children under the age of 15 years. In most cases, these bites are hiding from parents and health workers, in resulting in a much higher risk of complications and mortality among children, compared with adults. It is likely the total number deaths in many parts of the world are much higher than official data.

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