Assessment of breed characteristics
|Adaptability Definition of how easy a dog is. can adapt to changes in life.|
|Shedding Level Level and frequency of hair loss in animal.|
|Level of tenderness Level and amount of tenderness and affection that the dog gives back in return for attention to itself.|
|Need for Exercise Daily Activity Level dogs.|
|Social need Required number of dog contacts with other animals as well as people.|
|Housing ratio Factor that determines the level of noise and other inconvenience that the dog can deliver to the owners in the ratio apartment size to dog size.|
|Grooming Number of bathing, combing, as well as necessary number of professional grooming sessions required the dog.|
|Friendliness in an unfamiliar environment society with strangers or in an unfamiliar environment.|
|The tendency to bark The tendency to bark and its frequency and volume.|
|Health Issues Potential Health Status dogs.|
|Territorial tendency of the dog to protect his house, yard or even a car owner.|
|Cat friendliness A trend towards cat tolerance and reduced manifestation of hunting instincts.|
|Intelligence Dog’s ability to think and solve emerging difficulties (not to be confused with learning!).|
|Education and training Level of difficulty in training a dog perform certain actions.|
|Friendliness for children Factor determining how much the dog friendly to children, whether she likes to play with them and endure some children’s pranks.|
|Game activity The concept is determined by its very name, and, usually found in almost all dogs.|
|Observing Dog’s ability to detect presence a stranger in his territory.|
|Friendliness for other dogs Dog’s tendency to find common language with other relatives.|
Brief description of the breed
Russian hunting spaniel is a breed of domestic girlfriends dogs bred as a result of crossing many varieties Spaniels (English Cocker Spaniel, Springer Spaniel, Sussex Spaniel, etc.). Excessively long coat and short stature the progenitors of modern Russian spaniels did not allow these dogs to be full helpers on the hunt. The purpose of dog handlers began to breed such a breed, which would include all advantages of spaniels and ruled out flaws. Dogs of this breed have a strong physique, they are quite high at the withers, their limbs are straight, parallel. Russian hunting spaniels have well-developed muscles, a taut belly, a long and thick coat, have a low height (bitches – from 35 to 42 cm, males – from 37 to 45 cm), the weight of dogs ranges from 15 to 20 kg. The index of elongation in females is 115-120 cm, in males – 110-115 cm. Russian spaniels have several color options: one-color (red, brown, black), two-tone (black, red, pinto), three-color (spotted white, black and brown with tan marks). The color of the eyes of dogs of this breed has a brown tint. The tail of the dogs stops at half length. Russian spaniels live about 10, rarely 20 years. The advantages of this breed can be considered simultaneous service to man during hunting and at home setting. Being a pet dog, Russian Spaniel helps the owner to find prey during the hunt, tracking it, and then bringing to the owner. Russian spaniels are taken to hunt hares, waterfowl, swamp and field bird. Dogs breed Russian the hunting spaniel is distinguished by mobility and activity, i.e. the owner will have to pay due attention to raising the animal and care for him. These dogs are ideal for families with children because they are friendly and accommodating. Since the breed is Russian Spaniel was created to participate in the hunt, the benefits of these animals during outings on nature are obvious. Firstly, Russian The spaniel is convenient to transport due to the relatively small height and weight. Secondly, dogs of this breed are quite quick and easy. are trained, and the speedy clearance of the skeleton and muscle mass allow them to start hunting from 7-8 months. In addition, the Russians Spaniels show excellent results when hunting for a pine forest (black grouse, hazel grouse, capercaillie, etc.), field (partridge, quail), marsh (sandpiper, heron, crane), waterfowl (geese, ducks), on small animals (squirrels, hares), that is, these dogs are practically universal (according to their size).
Photo of Russian Spaniel:
Photo of dogs of breed Russian hunting spaniel |
The ancestors of today’s Russian hunting spaniels were originally bred by crossing long-haired cops. A historical far away Spain is considered the homeland of spaniels, although the real These dogs gained popularity among hunters in England. In our the country of spaniels (cocker, springer, sussex, field, etc.) began imported since 1884, but the real demand for this breed has begun after the Great Patriotic War. Although the breed standard was developed and introduced only in 1951, Russian spaniels existed long before that. The delivery of spaniels that gave the development of a new breed began at the end of the 19th century, and at the beginning of the new century, measures were taken to select dogs intended to help people while hunting, while adapted to climate and environmental conditions that were characteristic of our countries. Cocker Spaniels gained popularity among hunters, but could not, due to their physical data, adapt to swampy, impassable terrain, they wallowed in the snow in winter time. The war significantly affected the work of specialists in breeding a new breed, however exported from the country and again dogs that arrived in peacetime in the USSR allowed to start work by selection. Crossing many varieties of spaniels allowed breed a new breed, which was officially recognized 65 years back. It is believed that the Russian hunting spaniel is one of the youngest breeds bred in our country.
Character of Russian Spaniel
If we consider dogs of the Russian spaniel breed as assistants on hunting, their main qualities can be called: endurance, perseverance, obedience, activity. Animal on command of the owner perfectly dives, swims, behaves exceptionally well if was properly trained. If the purpose of acquiring a dog was to find a family friend, here the Russian spaniels are “on horseback”, since these animal devotees, obedient, get along not only with the owner, but also with other household members. However Russian spaniels are thinly sensitive, both positive and negative human qualities by creatures. The dog is unpleasant man will be able to earn her trust and favor. We can say that This breed has a truly Russian character – for the human good always meets the good of his soul.
Maintenance and care
A potential owner of a dog of this breed is initially decide for what purposes he is going to purchase animal. If the dog should become a companion and assistant in hunting time, then from the very childhood should not be too pampered. TO for example, it’s unreasonable to feed a hunting dog food from a table, allow you to show great curiosity and poke your wet nose, where not to be. Ideally, the dog should obey its owner and unconditionally respond to its prohibitions. Since the Russians Spaniels are extremely active animals. have to make long daily walks in the fresh air in any weather (walk the dog before feeding). Puppies under the age of 8 months are taken for a walk at least 3 times a day, an adult dog needs a two-day exercise daily. At the same time, the walk time should be at least half an hour (preferably an hour or more). After going outside the dog must brush, wipe or wash paws thoroughly. If the dog will accompany the owner on the hunt, then from six months should take it with them on trips so that the animal gradually gets used to terrain. Before acquiring such a dog should give her a certain place where there will be no drafts, and the temperature in the room will not be too high. It’s preferable to choose a room where it will not be noisy, where the dog will not be constantly pursue odors (e.g. in the kitchen during cooking) and dampness – all these factors in the future will affect instinct and health of a four-legged friend. Dog sleeper should be equipped with a comfortable couch, for the purity of which the owner must Strictly follow. For a puppy, it’s advisable for a while put a small box with filler next to the litter for toilet, but only until the baby is accustomed to constant walks. The dog should have bowls for food and water, which should be washed regularly. Long wool Russian Spaniel will require the purchase of brushes, combs and combs for care. Besides, the owner of the dog must have a collar, leash, muzzle. It’s good to think about the availability of toys for the dog, especially in those cases when she is not able to walk for long, but rather spends part of the time in the apartment. As an entertainment you can use rubber balls-tweeters purchased in pet stores, children’s toys made of rubber that do not have removable parts. In addition to leaving for luxurious hair you should periodically bathe the dogs given breed, but not more often 3-4 times a year, starting from 6 months of age. For bathing, use specially designed for dogs. shampoo and warm (not hotter than 30-33 degrees) water. To avoid allergies should not bathe animals with shampoos designed for people. In summer and warm, Russian Spaniels love to swim in open reservoirs, which allows not only to fix and temper them organism, but also train to participate in the hunt. Russian Spaniels quite resistant to cold, which allows you to keep them not only in city apartments, but also on the street, provided that air temperature will not be lower than 10 degrees. For this, the owner you need to have not only necessary for the construction of an aviary and booth dogs plot, but also take care of warming the street apartments animal. Without certain skills and the right approach, which need to create comfortable living conditions, animal can easily get sick. In addition, caring for a dog residing in the fresh air, much more complicated. For example, to the owner you will have to think over bathing procedures, frequent communication with the dog. That is why it is better to keep the Russian spaniel in the apartment.
Training and training
Toddler Russian Spaniels usually find their new home and new owner at the age of 2-3 months. In the first days of your stay in the owner should show maximum attention and patience, realizing how difficult it is for a puppy to be separated from his mother and accustomed to him the setting. But soon the baby is already beginning to learn and show interest in literally everything – residents of an apartment, furniture, shoes and so on. Already at this stage, the owner should begin accustom the animal to discipline, kindly, but at the same time strictly (without screaming and beating) to train the puppy with simple commands. Excessive aggression and impatience on the part of the owner may from an early age to bridge the gap between him and the animal. BUT here a good approach will pay off very soon, because Russian Spaniels good-natured and loyal to their master throughout life with proper education. It should be understood that a hunting dog must be obedient, for this she must have one unquestioned authority is the master. Therefore, do not educate puppy with the whole family, when one person forbids something, and another – on the contrary, encourages. Even a small puppy should not be allowed to sleep. on beds, sofas, treat him with food that is not for him intended (human food only hurts). Re-educate the animal will subsequently be very difficult. Dog breed training Russian Spaniel is a laborious but rewarding affair, as these animals are easily trained and obedient. Dog skills acquired through training, affect conditioned and unconditioned reflexes, irritants, which allows the owner to execute commands. In the process owner training uses several methods making the dog understand the command: tasteful (when getting used to the commands is done with the help of goodies), mechanical (command execution by force), contrast (combination of food promotion and mechanical impact), imitative (copying by an inexperienced person of action trained dog). Over time, the dog executes the owner’s commands without goodies and the use of force. In the process of training, the trainer applies reward methods (if the animal is correct and obedient executes a command), coercion (if the animal does not known command), prohibitions (to terminate unwanted actions of the dog). The trainer should praise the dog only if when there is an excellent result of work. Do not punish excessive (beat, shout loudly) to avoid loss of contact with to animals. As a mechanical impact will be enough light pressure on the croup of the animal, light impact with a rod and pronounced intonation prohibition. All commands must be pronounced. clearly, you should not replace the words of the team (for example, “to me” can not be replaced by a similar meaning, but a different sound “come here” or others).
Health and Disease
One of the main ailments affecting dogs of this breed is inflammation in the ear – otitis media, which is exacerbated by the presence of Russian Spaniels of long hanging ears. Untreated otitis media can lead to hearing loss and other serious consequences. If the animal is often shakes his head, there are discharge (often purulent) from the ears, refuses food, then you should contact your veterinarian for diagnosis and treatment. In addition, the chic wool of Russians Spaniels can be a great home for bloodsucking parasites. Therefore, do not neglect the designated veterinarian preventive measures against ticks, fleas. Deworming and preventive measures against worms necessary for these dogs, as well as other pets. FROM vaccination against diseases the owner should consult with a specialist and conduct it annually to avoid tragedy. For A dog’s health needs to consider its diet, which should include a sufficient amount of protein, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins and minerals. Ideally for Russians Spaniels can combine meat and offal with cereals and vegetables, You can give milk and dairy products, chicken eggs. But all The ingredients must be of high quality and fresh. Do not feed animal bones, to give food, seasoned with pepper, mustard, other sauces. Food should be warm, but not hot. A good alternative to natural food is ready-made feed, but attention should be paid to their composition. Improper feeding sharply negatively affects the health of Russian spaniels.