Japanese dog breeds belong to a small group. Everything animals among themselves have a certain similarity. However, if look closely at them, you can immediately find significant differences, both in character and in conditions of detention. So which breeds belong to the “Japanese”, and what is the difference between each of them?
- 1. Akita Inu
- 2. American Akita
- 3. Kai
- 4. Kissyu
- 5. Sakhalin Husky
- 6. Sanshu
- 7. Shiba Inu
- 8. Tosa Inu
- 9. Hokkaido
- 10. Shikoku
- 11. Japanese Terrier
- 12. Hin
- 13. Japanese spitz
This is a fairly large breed, which was bred approximately 2000 years ago. Her weight can reach 45 kg, and height at the withers – 71 cm. Interestingly, it was originally used to protect the imperial family and noble people of Japan. The dog is amazingly faithful family.
The appearance of akita, like other Japanese breeds, is peculiar. At her big head and triangular eyes (or eyes, since they quite small). The body of the animal is strong enough, and this is the main argument in quarrels with enemies. But for the owner such a dog is, first of all, a faithful and devoted friend.
These dogs cannot bark for a long time, however they can snorting, grunting sounds. Sometimes people get the impression as if such dogs mutter something, as if talking to themselves by myself.
The dog has one amazing trait – she likes to lick your body. In this way, she resembles feline representatives. In the hunt such an animal behaves like a tiger. It is silent, like a cat, tracks down and pursues his victim, and at the right moment attacks her.
The distinctive features of the character of Akita are the following:
- responds poorly to aggressive behavior and resentment;
- requires mutual understanding with the owner;
- always stand up for the owner and members of his family;
- unpretentious in leaving;
- needs socialization;
- requires a balanced diet;
- daily work required.
Such a dog requires great attention and special care. Only then he will respond with love and reciprocity. The dog must always live under one roof with the owner. The pet can show unlimited love and care towards other animals.
The origins of this breed date back to the 6th century. Already then the most strong representatives of the breed were used for hunting or grazing. There are cases when they hunted even bears.
The character of the American Akita is quite strong. She is very devoted to his master (like Hachiko). But for the animal to respect man, he should work not only on himself, but also on raising a pet. Strongly unacceptable force methods beliefs.
This dog is recommended to train and educate from an early age. childhood. Otherwise, he will grow up naughty. But no one at home I want to have a naughty 50-pound animal (up to this weight grows Akita). And boring will be completely unacceptable and monotonous workouts. To develop useful skills in a dog sometimes the help of an experienced trainer may be required.
The American gets along very well with children. But often noisy children games may be misunderstood by the dog. She will try to point order. This suggests that during the games of children with akita should carefully monitor the process.
A dog often behaves like a cat and pursues any living creatures. So the animal while walking must be kept on leash.
Akita have one feature – a heavy skeleton. Therefore, puppies do not It is worth overloading during physical exertion. Before as to deal with pets, you must wait until their joints, muscles and ligaments get stronger.
Other features of the breed:
- despite the beautiful and luxurious coat, the dog does not need to often comb;
- during molting it is necessary to do grooming daily;
- you need to take the animal out for a walk more often, because at home It will be boring and not quite comfortable;
- the dog rarely gets along with other relatives, and if it’s is in the same company with them, then very often shows dominance;
- the dog needs socialization since puppyhood.
The breed was bred in the mountainous regions of Japan. Isolation this region allowed to some extent to preserve thoroughbred breed. Initially, it was bred for hunting. goals. But the dog can be easily maintained in urban apartments.
This animal has a pronounced hunting instinct. The dog belongs to the herd, so from an early age needs socialization. Successfully possesses all the necessary communication skills. with their relatives.
This dog can grow up to 55 cm. The main features of the character kai are as follows:
- It is prepared for hunting in extreme conditions. Not Suffers from excessively high or low temperatures.
- Dogs are peaceful, but do not tolerate disrespectful relationship to yourself.
- Get along well with the kids. But with little kids she’s not It should be left unattended to avoid trouble.
- For the dog, the owner is, first of all, the leader.
- Representatives of kai are quite temperamental and tough. They without too much thought will rush to protect the family.
- Shows independence in character. Very dexterous and agile.
- The dog barks infrequently.
- She is suspicious of strangers. Under threat manifests himself as a fighter, and merciless.
- It does not show signs of aggression.
The dog can grow up to 55 cm. Noteworthy in first of all, its straight hair, curled tail and erect ears. The breed has been known since medieval times.
The dog is characterized by multifaceted talents. Interesting that he is capable even fishing. Kishu has proven himself excellent the shepherd. After the end of World War II, the breed is assigned to national treasures of Japan.
These are pretty hardy animals. Although they are somewhat rude and cold, but by no means aggressive. If there is a desire to get such a pet, you should remember that it is difficult amenable to education and training. For this you need to show perseverance and patience. Often during training, dogs show tenacity. Physical exposure is highly undesirable.
Kissyu is loyal to her masters, always ready to protect them. The best a place for her is a country house – there she will be able to spend her energy in full. Dogs rarely bark, even when hunting.
This breed has been known to man since the days of the Ancient World. Traditionally considered the best draft animal. Today more and more bred as an original decorative pet.
Thoroughbred representatives are quite large in size. The animals have an elongated body, a strong and strong skeleton. Breed has small pointed ears, large and strong limbs that can withstand heavy loads. It is characterized by a thick and beautiful coat.
Sakhalin is calm at first glance, but loves active games. Not aggressive, but can always stand up for himself. The animal does not like to attract attention and rarely barks. Everything representatives of this breed are distinguished by exceptional intelligence, and this facilitates dog training and training.
The dog really needs contact with the owner. Otherwise it will be to suffer from loneliness, which is badly reflected in his health. AT In any situation, the pet will protect the owner from enemies. Moreover, he almost always friendly to all strangers.
Husky can feel good only with strong and strong-willed a landlord who has time for his four-legged friend and patience. He is required to organize the dog physical load, because she constantly needs strength structural features of the skeleton.
Dog training is better under the control of an experienced dog breeder. is he will never tolerate physical punishment. In the process of education, everything family members must be of the same opinion, as in Otherwise, it will adversely affect the behavior of the pet. Another nuance – from an early age he will try dominate.
This breed was created at the beginning of the last century. Exists version that her distant ancestors were Chow Chow. In Japan it is considered common breed, but beyond the borders of the country quite rare. The breed is characterized by its individual features:
- wedge-shaped skull with a somewhat wide forehead;
- full cheeks that complement the unusual skull;
- scissor bite;
- narrowed tip of the muzzle;
- dark and deep-set eyes;
- short but strong neck;
- well developed chest and muscles with smooth and strong back;
- very strong hind limbs that are somewhat opposed graceful and beautiful front;
- tail twisted by a donut, which is raised high;
- height reaches 46 cm, weight – 25 kg.
An interesting fact is that these dogs are basically centenarians. Under excellent conditions of keeping and feeding, they can live up to 17 years.
Sanshu should always clean his ears. For this there are special cotton buds and veterinary lotions. Claws need to be washed and cut only as needed. It is not recommended to bathe often pet. For water procedures, you should buy veterinary shampoos. Once a week, you need to comb out your pet. You should brush your teeth regularly with specially selected toothbrushes. pastes.
All sansyu quickly and easily learn commands. In the process parenting is necessary to avoid violence that the dog never will tolerate. The diet of such dogs must be balanced and enriched with vitamins. It is forbidden to give chicken bones, river fish, spicy or salty food – animals will get sick from such food.
This is one of the most common dog breeds in the country. the rising sun. In the Middle Ages, animals often used for hunting entertainment – wild boar, deer or in rare cases a bear. Dogs also hunt birds game. In addition, the breed belongs to the Japanese national to the commons.
Shiba Inu has a height of up to 41 cm, weight – up to 10 kg. It is characterized strong enough muscles and a strong skeleton. A few head reminiscent in structure of fox. The skull is wide enough with sharp and noticeable transition to the face. Tail rolled up high planted. Paws are strong and compact.
These are active, bold and independent animals. Shiba requires resolute and strong-willed master who knows how to reckon with the overly stubborn nature of his pet. Owner immediately dominance over the dog should be established, otherwise the behavior the animal may go bad.
The dog has a pronounced and noticeable hunting instinct. Since childhood Needs socialization and communication with relatives. Dog follows everything time to keep on a leash in a public place because it can Be very suspicious of strangers. During the game and classes dogs are very active in sports, so you can take them on jogging, walking.
Shiba Inu bark very rarely. They can make barking high timbre if something bothers them. However about danger they signal with a loud bark, which helps the owner use them in as a watchman.
Tosa Inu, or Japanese mastiff, is a large breed. Specially bred for active participation in battles. This breed is different exceptional stamina, strength and ability to attack the most crucial moment. This pet will do a great job duties of a caretaker. Since these dogs are aggressive, it’s very it is important to educate them in the right way character.
The breed is small. Tosa looks very noble despite the inherent aggressive character traits. Weight can reach 70 kg, although there are representatives of the breed, weighing 100 kg and even more. Other features of the Tosa Inu breed:
- wide and massive head, with a large and strong muzzle;
- hanging ears, which are slightly adjacent to the cheekbones;
- strict and smart look;
- excellent and strong body, with clearly visible muscles;
- strong skeleton with a wide lower back and chest;
- flat and fit back;
- straight legs;
- short and dense coat.
Such dogs can test their fighting qualities on strangers. To avoid this, the pet is recommended to train and train. If you do it right, the dog will grow up good friend and companion.
Such a pet is not suitable for those people who do not own skills of training fighting breeds or are not able constantly walk them. Also, they are not suitable for those families in which children grow up. The animal requires lengthy training and long walks, and it is necessary to allocate enough time.
This famous hunting dog breed is also called Ainu. It is classified as spitz-shaped. Such animals are among the most rare and expensive. The first information about it is found in 1000 BC.
The dog has a very beautiful and original appearance. She can adapt perfectly to life in the highlands. Exactly at Such regions formed the main character traits. In difficult Hokkaido conditions are growing hardy, loyal and loyal. Everything this allows you to use them in the hunt.
Hokkaido is a primitive breed of dog. “Primitiveness” of her means that it was formed only under the influence of the natural selection. The main features of this breed:
- wide skull and flattened forehead;
- straight, almost wedge-shaped muzzle;
- height – up to 51 cm, weight – up to 30 kg;
- very strong jaws with the correct bite;
- eyes are large, dark brown;
- strong, strong, muscular neck;
- the presence of spots on the tongue (this indicates a relationship with the breed Chow Chow);
- pronounced withers;
- a taut belly along with a well-developed and proper back;
- straight forearms;
- strong limbs, especially the hind;
- claws and paw pads – black.
Hokkaido can be very affectionate or, conversely, ferocious. The main feature of their character is courage. Able navigate the terrain in any conditions. Always confident in own forces, bold and decisive. All these qualities, of course attracts dog lovers who want to get themselves such a pet.
Some dog owners say that this is such a “whirlpool”, which still has “devils”. If you do not give the dog due upbringing, he will grow up aggressive, vengeful. Often in such situations, he can just run away from home.
This is one of the oldest dogs in Japan. The closest a relative of the breed is Shiba Inu. The birthplace of the breed is the island Shikoku. The height of an adult dog reaches 52 cm at the withers.
The animal has a short coat, dense undercoat. Thanks to this, the pet practically does not need hair care. The tail of the dog is sickle-shaped. The housing is sturdy and muscular.
Shikoku are quite active temperament. They can live in an apartment, but in these conditions they need constant physical exercise. Even in a closed environment for such animals need proper attention.
Dogs must take long walks daily because they have developed a hunting instinct from birth. With big with attention and some caution, they should be trained and to educate.
The best place to live a four-legged pet will be Cozy and spacious country house. Here the pet can have plenty frolic and play. It should be remembered that the animal has independent character. If he is brought up correctly, then he get along well with other relatives and animals.
This is a wonderful hunting dog that can work on land and in water. Today, Japanese terriers are kept mostly as hunting. They belong to rare breeds, since their population is sufficient low. Breeding started in Japan in the 1920s century. Animals have a very sharp sense of smell and hearing.
Japanese Terrier has a graceful and proportionate appearance view:
- The skull is rather flat, the muzzle is narrowed.
- Eyes of medium size, dark iris.
- The back is straight, muscular and strong.
- The colors are varied.
The structure of the hair of representatives of the breed is such that they cannot For a long time to be in conditions of low temperature. therefore Home apartment is an ideal place for keeping a pet. AT the dog’s home will play the role of a calm and loyal companion.
Walking with a dog is best in a park area. If a walk committed in the winter, the animal must be worn in overalls. Pet’s home should be protected from drafts so that he did not catch a cold.
Japanese terriers are very attached to a person, they know how to feel him and catch all changes in mood. Animals love when the people around them are happy with them. Pets love all the time be in the spotlight. If you don’t play with the dog and leave it single house, then it can turn the home into a mess.
In no case should you accustom your dog to products that people eat. This is especially true for sweets from which The Japanese develop diabetes. Also, they can not be fed sausage products. Feed should only be of high quality, for which they buy in specialized veterinary stores.
Japanese chins were bred back in the 14th century. They weigh no more 3.5 kg with a height of not more than 26 cm. Animals are considered the best companions for humans. Interesting fact – they have some cat habits.
Chin can live in any room, including in a small closet. On the street, these dogs will not be able to survive, therefore aviaries conditions do not suit them at all, and even more so living on chains.
Dogs have small ears, a very beautiful tail, thick hair. Sometimes it may seem that this dog is strong molt. This is not true – if the pet is combed regularly, then it does not no problem with molting.
Hina just train, he will be easy and at ease complete all tasks. But when the training will be monotonous and boring, then the pet will not perform any tasks. Should to prepare for the fact that all classes can be very difficult, because the animal requires attention to itself.
The dog is somewhat self-consciously behaving with strangers. And if they will be silent all the time, then the animal will copy exactly same character traits.
These are miniature dogs bred in Japan at the end of the year before last. century. They are excellent companions for humans. Sometimes Japanese Spitz can be found in the circus. The growth of these dogs reaches 40 cm, and weight – up to 8, rarely – up to 10 kg.
The dog has an interesting pointed muzzle with a slightly rounded forehead, as well as erect and triangular ears. His magnificent tail throws himself on his back. Only white is considered standard. wool.
Pets have a cheerful and courageous character. Highly attached to the owners, devoted to them. With other people such dogs may be incredulous, often bark at them. In this regard, the animal can be used as a watchman.
When educating, it is always recommended to be persistent. It is worth paying attention to the fact that the cowardice of a pet is serious flaw. Animals are immediately excluded from further breeding.
Dogs of Japanese breeds can only be purchased at specialized nurseries. Since most of them are rare in our country, then their prices can be very high. It is strictly forbidden to buy pets from the hands of breeders – there is a huge risk of getting a fake mestizo for elegant breed.