Assessment of breed characteristics
|Adaptability Definition of how easy a dog is. can adapt to changes in life.|
|Shedding Level Level and frequency of hair loss in animal.|
|Level of tenderness Level and amount of tenderness and affection that the dog gives back in return for attention to itself.|
|Need for Exercise Daily Activity Level dogs.|
|Social need Required number of dog contacts with other animals as well as people.|
|Housing ratio Factor that determines the level of noise and other inconvenience that the dog can deliver to the owners in the ratio the size of the apartment to the size of the dog.|
|Grooming Number of bathing, combing, as well as necessary number of professional grooming sessions required the dog.|
|Friendliness in an unfamiliar environment society with strangers or in an unfamiliar environment.|
|The tendency to bark The tendency to bark and its frequency and volume.|
|Health Issues Potential Health Status dogs.|
|Territorial tendency of the dog to protect his house, yard or even a car owner.|
|Cat friendliness A trend towards cat tolerance and reduced manifestation of hunting instincts.|
|Intelligence Dog’s ability to think and solve emerging difficulties (not to be confused with learning!).|
|Education and training Level of difficulty in training a dog perform certain actions.|
|Friendliness for children Factor determining how much the dog friendly to children, whether she likes to play with them and endure some children’s pranks.|
|Game activity The concept is determined by its very name, and, usually found in almost all dogs.|
|Observability Dog’s ability to detect presence a stranger in his territory.|
|Friendliness for other dogs Dog’s tendency to find common language with other relatives.|
Brief description of the breed
A round head, a square physique and a twisted tail – so looks like a pug. Wherever he is, his wrinkled face and cheerful nature on the spot fascinate people. He finds great mutual understanding with other dogs, cats, as well as with children. Pug fits perfectly into your family in a short amount of time will become an integral part of it.
- Very affectionate and friendly;
- Tied to the owner;
- Ideal as a friend to a child;
- Smart, loves learning;
- Friendly to surrounding animals;
- Easy to care for;
- Can live in a small room;
- Does not need a lot of movements;
- Ideal companion for older people;
- Almost does not bark.
- It is stubborn;
- It does not tolerate heat;
- Inclined to fullness;
- Shedding throughout the year;
- Has a specific, not very pleasant smell;
- Loves to snore.
Perhaps the pug’s wrinkled face may make you doubt regarding his friendliness, cheerfulness and positivity. But be sure that, despite this appearance, what’s going on in his soul holiday and fun. He is ready to laugh with you, ready make you laugh. This dog brings a lot of positive emotions and impressions. According to statistics, this particular breed of dogs is considered one of the most popular to date. Pug is relatively inexpensively, therefore, everyone can buy it at home. Your children will definitely be happy to see a pug in the family. is he guarantees you and your children a good mood and will be faithful companion during passive and active home recreation. Pugs, as well as the Pekingese, appeared in China. Once upon a time in China such dogs were taken to themselves by a higher nobility so that they would amuse them and amused. Today, pugs continue their ancient activities, here only instead of the Chinese nobility they amuse their immediate owners. This breed is well-mannered and special attractiveness. Her genes already have decent behavior. There is no happier moment for this four-legged than playing in a circle families. Pug is ready to rush from room to room, jump, jump and tumble. It gives a lot of pleasure, both to him and nearby to the people there. Pugs are educated fun people. no different timid physical data. On the contrary, in such dogs muscles are well developed. They are stocky and powerful. They are ready to become Great friends for your kids. But take pugs in the morning A jog or beach walk is not worth it. Ideally, a pug should not weigh more than 9 kilograms. If it weighs more, this is the result. excessive feeding. Obesity is the main problem of pugs and others. dog breeds. You must always ensure that your pet is in form. Still, pugs can not stand strong temperature extremes. Not it is worth taking them outside when it is very hot or very cold. Their body cannot stand such torture. Perfect moment It can be warm and mild weather for a walk. But in general, it is desirable that the pug is always in the house (this is his real element) .Pug does not require special care, but his needs are minimal. When he is still small, you need to work on his body, so that it gradually develops and grows stronger. Keep your puppy did various physical exercises. How do you train him in at the beginning, he will remain the same when he grows up. Pug skin smooth and not problematic. Because of its great love for people, this the dog can become very attached. Therefore you need to do so so that the pet does not feel discomfort when you are not around. Not turn a pug into a tame and helpless animal.
Who is this dog suitable for?
Pug fits perfectly into the family and is unusually strong attached to its owner. Very sensitive and, if it sees, that his master is depressed, is trying in every way to provoke him to to games. Sits down nearby, attracts attention, makes faces, yes so funny that everyone, whether he wants it or not, rises mood. Pugs are perfect as a friend for children and older people, because these dogs do not feel the need in a lot of movements. Also, these pets are practically not cause problems, so anyone can handle them, even one who has absolutely no experience keeping a dog in the house. expect that the pug will guard your home, because he is so much loves guests that will be happy to welcome everyone. If the pug will be in the spotlight – there will be no limit to his joy. She does not tolerate loneliness very well, ideally if someone in the family constantly has the opportunity to be at home, along with the dog. Can bribe all household members with their ability to publish various sounds: panting, coughing, snorting, and it all depends on situations and moods. This pet should communicate calmly and carefully, because he perceives everything so closely that even a slight increase in his voice is punishment for him.
Pug is a dog of massive structure, with a square and powerful case. It has a fairly compact body, a straight back, deep-set chest and strong lumbar. Tail tightly twisted into a ring (often double) and worn on the side. Head wide, massive, muzzle shortened. The outer muzzle is covered deep wrinkles that stretch from the inner corners of the eyes to the outer part of the muzzle. Wrinkles on the forehead resemble a diadem. Eyes dark, bulging, kind look, ears are small and thin, velvet to the touch, set high and wrinkled when worn the shape is reminiscent of rose petals. Of great importance is the way the pug moves, the dog must move with the characteristic rolling step. This step is characteristic only for dogs with the right body structure, flat top line and straight hind limbs, well set under the torso. Firm step and throwing when running the front limbs high forward, reduces show class pug dog.
Wool and color
The pug’s coat is short, thick and smooth. It is soft to the touch, in if it is rigid and wavy, this is considered incorrect. The pug’s color is silver, tan, apricot or black. If the coat has a multi-colored color, then the mask, ears and, so called, the diadem on the forehead should be black in color, forming contrast with the primary color. Pugs molt throughout the year, therefore, need frequent combing.
Photo of pug dogs |
The history of the origin of pugs goes back to the Far East, this The breed is considered one of the oldest. First mention of dogs that look like pugs in appearance date back to II and I century before. n e. During the reign of the Song Dynasty, these dogs called Lo Chang Shi or Lo Shi. Confucius described the pugs as short-legged and short-nosed dogs. Their images are found on figurines and porcelain vases of that period. These animals were considered very valuable, lived in luxury and enjoyed universal respect. It is believed that the “Imperial Book of Dogs” depicts the ancestor today’s pugs, although its appearance is slightly different from the dog, which we used to see today. In the 16th century to Holland on pugs were delivered to merchant ships, which very quickly became favorites of the royal family, descended from the Oran dynasty. Particularly popular went to a dog named Pompey, who sensed an approaching attack and sounded the alarm, which saved his life to your master. After this incident, the pug was depicted on the coat of arms Oran dynasty. Pugs are believed to have entered England in 1688. year along with Prince of Orange of William, who later became king of England. During his reign, from 1689 to 1694, in pugs took the place of dwarf spaniels and steel favorites of all noble people. For their present appearance, pugs should be grateful to the British, who founded in 1882 British Pug Club. Only in the 19th century did fashion begin on them fade a little, but already in the XX century they again became dogs, whom began to evaluate at exhibitions, as well as companion dogs. Among fans of this breed were people like: philosopher William Hogarth, Queen Victoria, Napoleon, Louis XIV, Duke and Duchess of Windsor, Josephine, fashion designer Valentino and many others.
The pug has a great character, the dog is kind and very sociable creature. He loves to play and have fun when this dog is considered not very active. Pugs in their youth have more fun and run around the house faster, but with the age of this desires in them become less and less. Duration Pug’s activity is minimal. It’s very kind, affectionate and tender animal. They are great for experienced dog owners. and for beginners of this business. Pugs are excellent pets. They have friendly nature and calm temperament. Still this breed different cleverness and great mind. You with ease teach the pug different teams. The dog will keep you company with relaxing on the couch, watching your favorite movie and while a short walk in the park. Is a pug an ideal dog? Naturally not, like other breeds, in the character of this dog there are minuses. She can steal food, constantly dig holes in your flowerbeds and gardens, loudly and barking unreasonably. This can happen when a pug is bored, or when no one is watching him. Start raising a pug with first days of his stay at your home. Being a little puppy he is ready to absorb any information. No need to wait until he turn 6 or 7 months. At this age, pugs become more stubborn and not obedient. Therefore, to teach him something will be very If you don’t have time for training, then you can take it on small courses for animals, where professionals will teach your pug to the main teams. But in this case, you must monitor so that your dog is not infected with other dogs, which also will be brought for training to specialists. Best prevention may become vaccinated.
Maintenance and care
Try to take care of the pug as much as possible: cut it and bathe more often. If you do not have time for this, then entrust this work for a specialist or loved one. Cut the pug’s hair very easy. Walk the entire body of the dog with a special brush and remove all dead hair. There will be a lot of those, it’s pug. They molt almost all year round and do not Clean the wrinkled face of the pug, especially in the nose. At these dogs wrinkles appear very often, so the procedure you will have to do the cleaning often. Wipe after removal wrinkle area with a cosmetic sponge and dry this place so as not to there was an infection. If necessary, bathe the pug in the bath (or basin). Thanks to new gentle dog shampoos you can bathe your pet weekly. In this case, no negative Shampoo will not affect the dog’s coat. Clean pug teeth with a special paste from the veterinarian, and also cut him toenails (preferably once a week). Caring for a pug – will cause you have only positive emotions, nothing complicated and problematic in this is not. This dog is worth being looked after. She then be sure to pay you a cheerful mood and positive emotions.
Training and training
Since pugs differ not only in their good minds, but also in their perseverance, as well as obstinacy, they quickly get bored with various monotonous exercises and games. It gets serious enough a problem in training these dogs. A frequent stupid pug antics can generally become insurmountable learning barriers to untrained dog breeder. Fortunately, these dogs have both quality – a great desire to please his master. Therefore, for consistent and hard training success in training pug dogs secured. These funny dogs love praise, so pet addiction must be used in training. Always praise the dog for even the slightest success. Pugs differ in their love for goodies that can be a great reward for each executed command. It is necessary to start training the pug with the moment the puppy appears in the house. The first six months are the most main period. If you skip it, then the training will take place much more complicated. Many pug owners are concerned that their Pets are very difficult to accustom to the toilet. The thing is that puppies Pugs, under six months old, have difficulty controlling their stomach. This is a feature of the breed. Therefore not worth it be nervous. Have patience and perseverance and your favorite will surely please you and your family. The main thing is to give him positive emotions and then the results will not be long in coming.
Health and Disease
Pugs are prone to brachycephalic syndrome. It is when the walls of the nostrils and the shape of the nose prevent the dog from breathing fully. The first signs of the syndrome: cyanosis, noisy breathing, foam regurgitation, difficulty swallowing, periodic coughing. Exacerbation of the syndrome may be caused by excessive obesity of the pet, and its constant being in a hot, humid place. Therefore, it is very important that your pug was not overweight and that he was mainly in a cool and dry area. If the dog is very strong brachycephalic syndrome, then it must be given for surgery to correct the structure of the nose. Another pug can get encephalitis (this is an inflammation of the brain) and then the dog will begin cramps. Lethal outcome is also possible. Prevent and cure this the disease is not real yet. Also in this breed may occur orthopedic problems. In particular, necrosis may develop. the heads of the thigh bones. This can cause the pug to fail. step on the hind leg when walking. This ailment is better known as Legg-Calve-Perthes disease. According to research American Pet Association, Pugs more often than others rocks get sick Perthes disease. First signs may be observed at an early age of the dog (when she is only 3-4 months old). In that period to appear lame. Then urgent surgical intervention after which your pet will be able to live more less normal life. Even in pugs, the vertebral column may be damaged. part. You will immediately notice this by the gait and the behavior of the dog. Only surgical intervention will help in this case. All of the above, pugs often suffer from toothaches. The structure of their mouth is very uncomfortable, so damage is not ruled out teeth. Despite their small size, pugs can also have problems with the hip joints. But, compared to more large dogs, pugs do not need surgery for the treatment of joints. Can all of these diseases appear in my pug dog? They can, but the probability is very low. This is provided if you keep track of your pet’s physical condition. Once in your home a pug puppy appeared, forget about the chaotic and promiscuous feeding the dog. You need to always make sure that the dog does not started to be obese. Because it is one of the main sources the appearance of various diseases. Watch your pet now so you don’t overpay for treatment.