Pekingese, pekingese-lion dog, Lion Dog, Chinese Spaniel, Pelchie Dog, Peking Palasthund, Peke
- Popularity: 7
- Training: 1
- Size: 2
- Reason: 1
- Security: 8
- Relations with children: 5
- Dexterity: 3
- Shedding: 10
Pekingese – one of the oldest breeds in the world, which is confirmed genetic research. According to scientists, these dogs count not less than 2000 years. There is a beautiful Chinese legend, very ancient, probably no less ancient than the breed itself Pekingese.
And it sounds like this: once a lion fell in love with a monkey, but a lion huge, and the monkey is very small. Leo could not come to terms with in this state of affairs, and began to beg the Buddha to do its small – a suitable monkey. Thus, by legend, and the Pekingese appeared, which has tiny dimensions and Lion Heart.
Throughout its history, up to the last Emperor of China, the Pekingese were exclusively the prerogative imperial family. No one, even the highest aristocracy of China, had the right to get these dogs. In the palace they lived separately, in special apartments, they were strictly guarded, moreover, commoners it was forbidden to even look at these dogs.
However, with the advent of civil war and the division of society, when the last real emperor of China was removed from his fasting, the Pekingese were threatened with extinction. There is nothing in it surprising – the country was experiencing a severe crisis, and was torn apart by several political forces. Including – communists who considered the Pekingese toys of imperialists and rich, and a relic of the past.
In fact, the last so-called titular emperor Pu And, I thought about the same. No matter how shameful the opium war is England, France and the USA against China, if the invaders did not penetrate in the Forbidden City and not stole 5 Pekingese, which then transported to England, the breed would most likely die out.
Two Pekingese were donated to the Duchess of Wellington, two to the Duke and Duchess Richmond and Gordon, and the latter to Queen Victoria, who called him “Luti.” From 1860 to 1890, the Pekingese smuggled out, but in Europe they were nevertheless considered a huge rarity. The Europeans gave the name of the dogs in honor of Beijing. In the early 20th century, Pekingese clubs appeared in America and England. Today, the Pekingese breed is registered in all international canine organizations.
Pekingese dog is small and long with hair. Due to the abundance of hair, the dog seems large, but in fact In fact, it has a fragile physique and short limbs. Muzzle flattened, wrinkled, eyes are bulging, ears hang down on the sides heads. The tail is short.
In ancient times, these dogs could be very small, so that fit in the wide sleeves of Chinese robes. They were called “sleeve dogs”, and they weighed less than 2 kg.
The Pekingese breed has internal independence, however, with this is very attached to its owners. However, the Pekingese can be a surprisingly stubborn dog, which can not be said given their modest size.
They are characterized by pride and dignity, which is not surprising given the story of these animals. Accordingly, they demand respect for themselves, and if they receive it, then they respect their master and with respect family. Pekingese needs early socialization as they have internal hostility towards other dogs and strangers people – this attitude needs to be eliminated. This significantly make life easier not only for yourself, but also for your pet by making it the character is more open and harmonious.
Although they are quite intelligent dogs, sometimes they are stubborn may seem stupid. Do not try brute force to change the nature of the animal – it is necessary to act more subtly (We will talk about this in more detail below). Sometimes it can end very deplorably – the dog may even announce hunger strike to defend their position. Pekingese pretty often selects from the whole family one person whom he “appoints” as his the owner.
Relations with children are twofold – on the one hand, Pekingese can treat children normally, on the other hand, if the child allow careless behavior during the game, the dog may react suddenly and violently. She may even bite a child. Therefore, it is not recommended to start them in homes where there are children under 5 years, since they have poor control over themselves during the games. Pekingese likes walks and active games on the street, but can quite spend a large amount of time at home in a calm state.
Usually, this breed is trained in several basic commands and pay attention to behavior correction in everyday life. how as a rule, for most owners this is enough. If a person wants his dog to show at any categories, he will have to work hard, since the Pekingese is not a breed that is easy to train and different excellent obedience.
First of all, the ordinary owner needs to put himself in leadership roles and earn the credibility of a dog. For this there is standard tricks – if the dog wants a toy, do not give it away right away. First try to remind her of the team she is not I wanted to perform in class. You can do the same with walks. However, it is extremely important not to go too far, as Pekingese extremely painfully perceives rigidity and coercion.
No need to try to rearrange your dog, just keep patience and be consistent, you may have to spend more time to learn basic teams than you assumed. If the dog doesn’t want to execute the command in any way, meet her, but the next day repeat the same the situation. Training should take place in a playful way, and, not need to arrange long classes. Pekingese loves to bark – teach shut him up on command.
The dog’s long coat needs care – it needs to be combed two to three times a week. Some owners choose regular a haircut to have less hair care worries. Breed Pekingese does not tolerate heat, keep this in mind.
They can quickly gain weight and be obese if you are not You will control the diet. Keep your ears and eyes clean your pet, and trim the claws three times a month. Bathe the dog once or twice a week. Also make sure the creases on the muzzle was always dry and clean.
Pekingese dogs may be prone to certain diseases, and generally do not differ too good health. IN number of such diseases:
- local dislocation of the patella;
- brachycephalic airways obstruction syndrome;
- crevice of the sky;
- ectopic cilia;
- folded dermatitis – a skin infection caused by folds on skin when they rub or gets into them and does not dry out moisture;
- keratoconjunctivitis Sikka, or dry eye;
- mitral valve disease;
- progressive retinal atrophy;
- keratopathy exposure syndrome;
- intervertebral disc disease.
Interesting facts 1. Pekingese is considered one of the oldest dog breeds in the world. 2. Once in the history of China neither one simple man could not own the Pekingese. 3. In the past the Beijing breed was called “lion dogs”, “sun dogs” and “sleeve dogs” (worn in imperial voluminous sleeves yard). 4. Pekingese was considered a sacred royal breed in times of the Tang Dynasty in China in the eighth century. 5. The abduction of the Pekingese was a serious crime in imperial China. Anyone caught with a stolen dog, he was probably convicted and executed by law. 6. From the twelve dogs that were on the Titanic ship survived catastrophe only two. One of them was a happy Pekingese nicknamed Sun Yat-sen, Henry and Myra Harper’s favorite companion of Harper & Row Publishers.
Did you know? Pekingese nicknamed Vinnie lived in Playboy Mansion. He belonged to the star of the reality show “Girls Next Door “Bridget Marquardt.
|Life span||12-15 years old|
|Height||Males: 15-23 cm Bitches: 15-23 cm|
|Weight||Males: 3-6 kg Bitches: 3-6 kg|
|Colour||plain or spotty – white, red, black, black and tan, muruy (wool with dark tips)|
|Group||decorative, for apartment|
|Price||400 – 1000 $|