Almost 500 thousand Russians experience a sharp violation every year cerebral circulation, which is otherwise called a stroke. A stroke suffered once can lead to problems with movement, loss of speech, memory, hearing. Unfortunately if cerebral the blow catches the patient again, the chances of a full life very little remains. Is there a stroke in dogs? Yes, alas, our four-legged friends can also suffer from such an insidious adversity. In this article we will try to figure out what the first signs of a stroke and how to help a dog who has survived such an ailment.
What is a stroke in dogs
Stroke is a malfunction the brain as a result of the death of nerve cells that stop receiving oxygen and nutrients due to sharp cessation or deterioration of blood access. Dog Stroke May divided into several types:
- Hemorrhagic – rupture of blood vessels, resulting in blood fills the brain tissue;
- Ischemic – a strong narrowing or obstruction of the arteries, supplying oxygen to the brain cells.
In addition to a stroke, a micro stroke can occur in an animal – a blow with less destructive consequences destruction or blockage of small vessels of the brain.
Causes of Dog Stroke
Чаще всего инсульт у домашних питомцев бывает, если:
- Возраст собаки преклонный;
- The dimensions of the doggie are solid (healthy pets suffer from problems with cerebral circulation more often);
- The animal has ailments of the heart, kidneys, liver, thyroid gland;
- The weight of the dog goes off scale;
- The animal lives in a large metropolis;
- The pet is prone to psycho-emotional outbursts;
- A dog has worms whose activity can lead to clogged vessel;
- The animal has been seriously affected by any type of poisoning. poison.
How to determine if an animal has a stroke
In order not to overlook the trouble, it is important to know the symptoms of a stroke in a dog. Usually they are as follows:
- The animal does not respond to its name, “does not hear” commands, looks confused;
- Problems swallowing food and water;
- The dog’s behavior becomes unusual (excessive apathy or aggression);
- Muscle paralysis. The dog limps for one or several paws, it happens that lies motionless;
- Convulsive seizures (from the side similar to epileptic);
- Asymmetry is noticeable on the dog’s face (for example, one eyelid looks overhanging or the lip on the right or left side is noticeable pulled down);
- Difficulty breathing;
- Visual problems, resizing one of the pupil eye;
- Nausea and vomiting;
- Perhaps falling into a coma.
With a micro stroke, the symptoms will not be so bright. Dog can to be agitated, distracted. The animal may refuse food, aimlessly cut circles around the apartment without responding to the landlords invitations to play, walk or eat.
How to Rescue a Stroke Dog
If the pet has at least some signs of a stroke, the owner it’s worth the panic to turn to to a specialist. It is believed that the more effective the treatment of stroke will be. in a dog, the sooner the animal will be delivered to the veterinary clinic (preferably no more than 3 after a brain stroke hours). So, first aid to a dog who has a stroke will be consist in the speedy delivery to a specialist. Don’t try feed or drink doggie, no need to give and various drugs. The only step you can take is in the introduction of a herbal sedative (Fitex, Cat Bayun “, etc.), if the dog is excited and scared. prepare the doggie for transportation, you will need to produce the following actions:
- Remove the collar and clothes from the animal, if they were wearing;
- Doggie lay sideways on a hard surface so as not to choke vomit or saliva;
- Take clean gauze, wipes or rags with you on the go so that if necessary there is something to wipe up vomiting or saliva an animal;
- All the time spent on the trip is worth talking quietly with the dog in a soothing, kind voice. The pet must be sure that he is safe.
In the clinic, the doctor will conduct special research:
- Blood and urine tests;
- Ultrasound and x-ray of the abdominal cavity and lungs;
- MRI or CT and EEG of the brain.
Home treatment can only be started if when the doctor will accurately establish the diagnosis and prescribe the necessary drugs. Usually, animals after a stroke are prescribed anticonvulsants, heart medications, antispasmodics, painkillers drugs, tranquilizers and antipsychotics, vitamin complexes. The owner will only have to monitor the condition of the animal, giving him drugs according to the scheme proposed by the veterinarian. By the way, except for the reception medication specialists usually recommend that the owner conduct anti-decubitus measures, massage (if there are violations physical activity) and the transfer of the dog to diet food.
The consequences of a stroke in dogs
Every owner whose dog has suffered a stroke is interested in what But there will be consequences of this misfortune in the future. It is worth noting that the chances of a full recovery are higher in young and middle-aged dogs without severe chronic diseases. Besides, it is important that all prescriptions by the veterinarian are followed by the owners (and because the treatment is sometimes delayed by 1.5-2 months). To complications, that develop in dogs after a stroke include how usually limping, paralysis of the extremities, vision problems. After a stroke, a dog may experience hearing impairment. single or frequent cases of urinary incontinence. As a consolation owners should emphasize that stroke is not found in dogs so often. People are more prone to this misfortune. And to to protect your pet from a repeated stroke, you will need to follow these simple tips:
- During recovery (at least 2 months after a stroke), do not It is worth overloading the dog with training and active walks. Just letting the animal walk and breathe fresh by air;
- Dog nutrition should be balanced. Especially important exclude fatty foods;
- After a stroke, the dog should be protected from stressful situations. which often cause a brain stroke;
- Doggie, once a stroke, should be twice a year in show the veterinarian for prevention purposes (specialist will help verify the health of the dog with blood tests, ECG, Ultrasound).