- Popularity: 7
- Training: 8
- Size: 7
- Reason: 8
- Security: 5
- Relations with children: 10
- Dexterity: 10
- Shedding: 10
The Collie dog breed is truly legendary. Its popularity she is grateful including the series “Lassie”, which went on second half of the 20th century. This dog originated in Scotland and then came to the territory of England with nomadic tribes.
In ancient times, the Collie breed guarded herds of sheep, goats, pigs – Collie dogs perform this function in their homeland today. There are opinions that say that the dog came to Britain with Roman legionnaires and colonists, about 2000 years ago. Dogs those times had a larger physique, like modern Border Collie, and possessed mainly black hair.
The first one to seriously engage in the popularization of the breed was herself Queen Victoria – in 1860, visiting her estate in Scotland, she was touched to the core by her soft and good-natured character Collie, combined with their beauty and mind. With the filing of the queen, their began to breed at court, but, of course, not for grazing.
Collies were first shown at a dog show in 1860 in Birmingham, England, in a family class known as Scotch Shepherd Dogs. In 1879, the first collie was imported into the United States, and after 7 years, August 26, 1886, the Collie Club of America was formed. Today it is one of the oldest cynological clubs not only United States, but also the world.
These are large dogs with long, straight hair. Muzzle elongated, ears small, limbs and tail long, physique thin. The volume that gives the dogs their thick and long wool can be misleading, making it seem like it large and muscular dogs, however, as a rule, this is not so.
Collie – a dog with a very kind and open character, this is the best a friend of children and a smart companion for any person. Despite their ancient past, these dogs are poorly suited for performing security or protective functions, especially against competitive breeds. Them use in such quality in antiquity was due to that people simply had no alternative. Although, like a shepherd dog, the breed shows itself perfectly.
As for helping people, there are no equal collies. IN in modern society, animal help has long been reduced not only to grazing or protecting the site from small predators.
Their soft, friendly character allows them to harmoniously to join any family, expressing great devotion and feeling the internal state of the owners. In many ways, they provide and psychological assistance, as they are always ready to support their love and warmth in difficult times. Even though it’s far but not a fighting dog, she will protect the owner or his child with the dedication of a pit bull terrier. Collie create deep internal communication with your loved one, or people, if it family, and hard to bear separation.
To say that they are smart, to say nothing – some individuals really remind Lassie from the famous television series. Developed the intelligence of these dogs allows them to be beautiful dogs guides, nannies for children, just good companions for a person of any age, including elderly people.
Playful, love walking and need physical and mental activity. They agree well with other animals, including cats. Although, it’s better to accustom the collie to the presence in the house. a cat from an early age. Character and intelligence are also affected. heredity.
Nowadays, collies usually have families with children, which is quite justified. This breed needs to communicate with the owner, others people and dogs, so to speak, for personal growth and expansion horizons. They are easy enough to train teams and achieve obedience. Most importantly, remember that this is your friend with whom sometimes you need to be strict, sometimes patience, but never forget about kindness.
Long thick hair requires combing once a week, although sometimes it’s better to do it twice a week, especially during molting. Be sure to keep your pet’s ears and eyes clean, and also do not forget to cut the claws. You need to bathe a dog 1-2 times in Week.
Although collie dogs are in good health, they all have But there are a number of specific diseases, namely:
- Dermatomyositis is a hereditary autoimmune skin disease. This disease causes lesions and muscle problems. Last studies suggest that perhaps at least 70 percent Collie dogs may be affected. Are being held studies to identify genes that respond to this disease.
- Nasal solar dermatitis is a condition in which the skin the nose exfoliates and may lose color. If left untreated, it may even develop into cancer. Disease can be overcome by limiting sun exposure, use of sunscreen or tattooing in black ink.
- Collie eye anomaly. This is a hereditary disease sometimes leads to blindness. It causes changes and abnormalities in the eye, which may include:
- choroid hypoplasia, abnormal development of the choroid shells (inner shell of the eyeball);
- coloboma, or optic disc defect;
- staphyloma, thinning of the sclera (white membrane of the eye apples);
- retinal detachment.
Collie eye anomaly usually occurs by the time the dog is already two years old. Can not be treated.
- Progressive Retinal Atrophy: This is a family of ophthalmic diseases, which includes a gradual deterioration of the retina.
- Nodular granulomatous episclerokeratitis (UGE), also called nodular fascitis, fibrous histiocytoma, or “Collie granulosis”, it is believed that this condition is associated with an immune system disorder. Ultimately causes corneal damage. Many collie-nosed collies also have UGE.
|Life span||10-14 years old|
|Height||Males: 46-65 cm Bitches: 46-65 cm|
|Weight||Males: 22-35 kg Bitches: 22-35 kg|
|Colour||red, black, black and tan, brown and tan, sable|
|Group||for children, for protection|
|Price||150 – 850 $|