- Popularity: 10
- Training: 4
- Size: 1
- Mind: 3
- Security: 1
- Relations with children: 5
- Dexterity: 5
- Shedding: 2
The Chihuahua dog breed has a very long history. According to archaeological finds, these dogs lived in a Toltec society, about as evidenced by the found figurines depicting dogs very similar to modern chihuahuas. Toltecs called their little dogs leak. The most ancient figurines date from the 9th century BC. e.
Given the size and complexion of these animals, not even quite it’s clear how they could form a separate breed and survive in harsh jungle conditions. Subsequently, the Toltecs were conquered the Aztecs and the techichs harmoniously entered the life of a new civilization. The Aztecs, like many other people in the ancient world, endowed the magical power of various animals, and in this case, they believed that leaky people have a connection with the other world and can accompany the souls of the dead there.
These dogs participated in various temple rituals, their sacrificed once a year. However, so privileged the position of these dogs did not prevent the Aztecs from using them as source of skins, as well as eat them. For a long time Chihuahuas lived in Aztec society until they were conquered Spaniards in the 16th century. From this moment, little is known about the breed, however, it is believed that the fragmented tribes that were hiding in wilds of the jungle, kept a small population of these dogs.
There is another theory of the origin of the Chihuahua, which states that they are a crossbreed of Chinese hairless dogs and local breed. Chinese dogs were brought to the territory Texas by Chinese workers who drove en masse to America and Mexico in search of a better life.
It is not known for certain which of the theories is true. However, completely the following is precisely known – in the middle of the 19th century, American travelers discovered these little dogs in Chihuahua, Mexico. Hence the name of the breed. For 40 years these pets did not have an official status, but gradually gained popularity in the USA. They began to be shown at dog shows since 1890, and in 1904 a dog named Midget was registered in the American Kennel Club.
The long-haired species most likely arose from cross chihuahua with spitz or papillon. In the 30s and 40s, 20 centuries they became widely known thanks to the king Latin American Dance and Music Xavier Cougatu. For today day, breed takes 11th place in popularity in the list of breeds American Kennel Club.
Chihuahua dog has a tiny body – needless to say, they carry the title of the smallest dogs in the world. The head is round, ears erect, bulging eyes, square torso, chest weakly expressed. The tail is medium length, paws thin, short.
Despite its tiny size, the Chihuahua breed possesses versatile personality. His presence in the house cannot fail notice – these are bright, very active and inquisitive dogs. This breed is very attached to its owners, and bad tolerates their prolonged absence. If you are traveling far traveling, for example on vacation, you better take your pet with by myself. Moreover, its compact size is quite allow.
Friendliness and openness towards your family and host really huge however with regard to strangers this can not say. Quite the contrary – a Chihuahua can perceive with hostility strangers, especially if the owner gives her too much attention. As you know, an excess of care and tenderness, combined with connivance, spoil the character of the dog, make it unnecessarily self-confident and moody.
Chihuahua breed has a natural arrogance – they are rarely shy or indecisive. Unless, if the nature of the animal suppressed by the owner. Chihuahuas need early socialization, and proper education to avoid the above problems. Have high level of energy, love games and walks.
These dogs are not recommended for families with small children (under 5 years old), since it’s difficult for children at this age control yourself during active games. Given the fragile the physique of the animal, this can lead to serious consequences for his health.
Even if the chihuahua lives in a large family, they can opt for yourself as one owner, and create a very close relationship with him. If a the nature of the animal develops correctly, it is very affectionate and a good friend who has a good understanding of what is happening, and wants to please his master. At exhibitions, they are often used in agility and obedience competitions.
Other pets may be treated differently, in depending on education. They may even be jealous of another cat or dog to his master. During walks on the street you need to watch, as they can bark at other dogs, including large ones. Moreover, if it comes to a fight, a Chihuahua may not retreat, and if you do not have time in time, most likely you need a new pet.
Chihuahua dogs are rarely used in any other quality rather than as a companion. However, train them several basic teams and form a harmonious character necessary. Otherwise, the dog will be spoiled, and this, you know, not good, because she simply will not listen to you and will source of headache.
Be sure to focus on undo commands, as this is not only help protect your pet from various troubles, but also play a large role in the formation of character. If you want to teach your dog more complex teams, or want to participate in agility and obedience competitions you need to conduct training in a playful way.
The thing is this: the Chihuahua should consider that dealing with you is fun and exciting. Then you will succeed. Be sure to use the promotion in the form of various sweets, and also be patient.
Chihuahua dog does not tolerate cold, moreover, during great excitement or fear, sensitivity to cold can increase, nervous tremors also occur. Be sure to wear your pet in overalls when you go for a walk (exception – summer time).
Eyes and ears need to be cleaned regularly; moreover, many chihuahuas prone to increased formation of earwax. Bathe the dog three once a week or more often if she sleeps with you in bed. Claws pruned every 10 days. The animal needs to be combed out once or twice a a week.
The following are the health problems that occur most often:
- local dislocation of the patella;
- heart murmur;
- pulmonary stenosis – a congenital heart disease;
- rolled trachea;
- hydrocephalus – puppies with this disorder usually die before four months of age;
- open (soft) crown;
- trembling (often from excitement).
Interesting facts 1. Toltecs that existed in present-day Mexico back in the 9th century AD, had a dog breed, called Techichi. This breed, considered indigenous in Central America, is the progenitor of a chihuahua that exists Today. 2. The famous dog from the Taco Bell commercial was a female a chihuahua named jidget. Unfortunately, the world has lost this television legend in 2009. 3. Chihuahua has one of the most long lifespan among dog breeds. Some live more than 20 years! 4. Chihuahua takes 30th place in popularity among 194 dog breeds recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC). 5. The breed has been featured in films such as Legal blonde “and” Baby from Beverly Hills. “6. Chihuahua (or, by at least Chihuahua-like ancestors) were depicted in ancient mexican paintings. 7. In 1948, the Texas Senator wanted pass a law that would make Chihuahuas official a state dog because he was very fond of this breed.
Did you know? Chihuahua is the most famous of dwarf dog breeds worn by famous and secular people in Chic bags for dogs. The most famous chihuahua, nicknamed Tinkerbell spends his days in a Paris Hilton purse.
|Life span||12-18 years old|
|Height||Males: 15-23 cm Bitches: 15-23 cm|
|Weight||Males: up to 3 kg Bitches: up to 3 kg|
|Long wool||short and long-haired|
|Colour||White, black, brown and many other colors|
|Group||decorative, for apartment|
|Price||500 – 8000 $|