In most animals, the instincts of reproduction are strong enough, this can be said of dogs. However, breeding processes affected the reproductive system of pets. Today, not all individuals strive to continue their kind, and the selection of the pair and the mating itself, happens most often with the help of the owners. What you need to know mating dogs, if he wants to get a full offspring from his four-legged friend?
- 1. When is the best time to knit a dog
- 2. How to choose a mating partner
- 3. Signs of readiness for the bitch to mate
- 4. Preparation of the male for mating
- 5. General requirements for training pets
- 6. Room preparation
- 7. The mating process
When is the best time to knit a dog
The reproductive system of a dog matures early enough, males may be ready for mating from 6 months, in females first estrus falls on the period from 6 to 9 months. Moreover, first of all in this representatives of small breeds are developing. Females of large breeds start flowing a bit later.
Like humans, dogs have genitals that develop earlier than the whole body as a whole. This means that organizing mating is not stands in first heat and there are a number of good reasons for this:
- the body of a young animal is not yet strong enough for gestation and childbirth, this can be stressful for the dog and negatively affect her health;
- puberty in dogs occurs at 6 months, and growth the body lasts up to 18-24 months, if you knit pets earlier, then their growth may stop, not reaching the norm, this is especially true for males;
- it is impossible to get full from too young parents offspring with a large number of healthy, well-developed puppies, most often a young female in a litter of 1-2 fetuses, often they are weak and may have pathologies in development, both in physical and in mental plan.
How to choose a mating partner
The result depends on the right choice, so you need to approach this issue with all responsibility. You need to do this in advance, before the bitches start estrus.
If there is no experience, it is better to seek advice from to breeders, or to a dog training club. Professionals can Based on the characteristics of the dog, select the appropriate parameters candidatures.
If the dog is taken from a kennel, then the best option would be pick up the bride or groom from there.
The selection takes into account the presence of titled parents, working diplomas from the applicant himself, compliance with external data. If the dog already has offspring, then data on it also have great importance. If there are no pathologies in previous litters, then, most likely, they will not be in future ones either.
It will be prudent for bitch owners to choose two at once. cavaliers, in case of unforeseen situations.
So that there are no questions left, the owners of the dogs selected for mating, must discuss in advance all the nuances, starting from the meeting and ending with payment for services. If we talk about monetary remuneration, then, in most cases, the owners of the dog take for mating an amount equal to the cost of their pet in the period acquisitions, but most often the reckoning is one puppy, whom the owners of the male have the right to choose independently.
Signs of a bitch’s readiness for mating
The most successful period for mating is the third estrus, in the average dog 1.6-1.8 years. At this time, you can already approximately calculate the time, when the female flows, find out the main signs of her behavior in this period. The dog becomes fully grown, strong and ready, in order to bring posterity.
It’s very important to choose the right days as the bitch takes male and the process of fertilization occurs only 11-15 days from the beginning of estrus. Although in this case there are certain nuances – some females are completely ready for mating on the 8th day, while others can enter this phase only on day 15-17. It is worth paying to Other important signs:
- Loop selections become transparent.
- When touching the croup, the dog begins to take the necessary for cage posture, arched back.
- If you touch the base of the tail, then the bitch takes him to side.
All this indicates the readiness of the pet for mating.
Preparation of a male for mating
Nature has decreed that males are ready all year round for to have sexual intercourse. Does this mean that dog owners do not need to prepare the pet for knitting? By no means, a dog of any gender requires certain actions from the owners.
It is worth knowing that an untied dog needs regular knit. Once tasted, the pet can change significantly behavior, he begins to obsessively care for all the bitches, will cease to obey commands.
In this case, in no case should you allow promiscuous communication, as it is fraught with infections and diseases transmitted sexually (yes, and dogs are not safe from this).
If the owners do not have plans for subsequent breeding of the breed, then to untie the pet only out of pity is not the right decision and you need to be prepared for possible consequences. If the future of the pet is to be a pedigree dog, it is only possible with excellent natural data.
Tribal male requires a certain care, full nutrition, improved conditions. The most optimal age for unleashing – a period from one and a half to two years.
General pet training requirements
Before mating, it is necessary to conduct a series of procedures, like a male, so to the female:
- pass a series of tests for the presence of hereditary infections sexually transmitted diseases and ailments (in most cases, the owners of the bitch require a health certificate male);
- a week before mating, it is worth the pet to gobble up and produce flea and tick treatment;
- the day before meeting the bride, the dog needs to have a bath, as for the female, she needs to take a bath for at least a week see you in order not to eliminate the smell attracting the opposite floor;
- in case of planned vaccinations, they must be made no later than two weeks before mating;
- if the dog has long hair, then for more successful mating you can cut off its excess in the genital area.
Before viscous, you should take care of good physical shape. dogs, if it is overfed, then it is worth following a diet, in otherwise, take care of a richer and more a nutritious diet may supplement the menu vitamin and mineral supplements.
Before the very meeting, you should not feed the dog, it is better to bring pet for a long walk.
Owners should pre-prepare a place for mating. Provide a spacious room. If it is about Aviary, then make sure that there are no external irritants and strangers and animals. Flooring should not to be slippery, you need to remove excess objects.
Traditionally, dog encounters occur on the territory of the male. it is done so that the dog does not get confused or distracted. TO the bridegroom can be brought to the female only if it is an experienced pedigree male, clearly aware of his duties.
In most cases, a bitch is given a certain amount of time to look around and get used to the new environment.
There are two ways – this is a free process when animals come down from leashes, get acquainted and mate without external intervention, and manual – when the owners help the couple correctly get attached. The latter method is most often used for knitting. representatives of small breeds. If the dogs do not show due interest, then in this case it is necessary to bring pets to friend, provoking their acquaintance.
Dogs need time to meet and play when they meet, although experienced males can miss this moment, immediately taking up a business.
If everything is done independently, then there will not be much trouble. After mating, it is necessary to wash the genitals of the dogs and process their antiseptic, for example, Miramistin.
Otherwise, you will have to help the male to make a cage, hold in the process so that the dog does not fall.
You need to know certain physiological characteristics of dogs, to be ready for them and not harm. Nature has hedged so that the penis does not exit the loop before it happens fertilization. In this case, sticking occurs (sticking together) the genitals of pets. This is quite normal and in no way In case you can’t try to disconnect the pair. Duration of this moment may vary from 10 minutes to an hour.
In this case, the owners can only help the male to deploy to female backside so that the dogs are tails to each other. Process release will happen on their own at the right time.
If everything is prepared correctly, a convenient moment is chosen and a suitable couple, then expect an excellent, healthy offspring.