Hypothyroidism in dogs – symptoms and treatment

The thyroid gland is an important organ that produces a number of hormones, including T3 (triiodothyronine) and T4 (thyroxine). Both these hormones are necessary for normal metabolism in the body.

Hypothyroidism in dogs - symptoms and treatment

Hypothyroidism is a low-grade state thyroid hormones T4 and T3 in the body. Upset usually occurs in medium to large sized dogs, some of which they are more prone to disease than others. These breeds include dobermans, irish setters, retrievers, golden retriever, english shepherd, dachshunds, miniature schnauzers, german boxer, poodles and cocker spaniels. Hypothyroidism is more often diagnosed in middle-aged dogs from 4 to 10 years. Castrated and sterilized dogs are more likely to develop disease than full-fledged.

Symptoms of Hypothyroidism

  • Lethargy and weakness
  • Strong decrease in activity
  • Unexplained weight gain
  • Hair loss (alopecia)
  • Poor hair growth
  • Skin infections
  • Cold intolerance
  • Infertility (rarely)
  • Head tilted to the side (rarely)
  • Cramps (rare)

Causes of Hypothyroidism

  • Unknown origin
  • Iodine deficiency
  • Congenital malformations
  • Cancer
  • Side effect of treatment, including surgical operations

Diagnosis of hypothyroidism

The veterinarian will conduct a thorough physical examination of the dog, taking into account the history of the symptoms of the disease. You must provide Your doctor’s health history with occurrence information symptoms.

Diagnosing the exact cause of hypothyroidism may require a lot. time and effort. A veterinarian will likely need a biochemical blood test and urinalysis. The doctor can make an initial diagnosis, based on the results of these analyzes, but important for Diagnostics of hypothyroidism are also endocrine tests. X-ray studies can also be performed to examine the dog for internal abnormalities that may be cause thyroid dysfunction.

Hypothyroidism Treatment

Effective methods developed for treating hypothyroidism in dogs treatment. Treatment usually lasts a lifetime and consists in taking medications regularly. Dosage synthetic hormonal drugs should be matched to the basis of the individual physical condition of the dog and progress treatment. Most clinical symptoms go through several months, but the dosage for your dog should be adjusted only by veterinarian.

Fair compliance with prescribed medications and Some dietary restrictions will ensure successful therapy. Your the veterinarian will adjust the dosage of hormones to pick up suitable. To avoid complications, do not change the type or dosage of the drug yourself and do not give the dog any new drugs without first consulting your veterinarian. it also applies to herbal medicines. Dietary restrictions, including reduced fat, are recommended in the initial stages of treatment. Most dogs respond well to treatment, and their level of physical and mental activity increases significantly after a relatively short time.

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