Dog metastases occur when cancer spread from the place of its occurrence to other organs and tissues organism. Overall prognosis for treating metastatic cancer in dogs depends on the type of tumor and its duration. Best way to increase the dog’s chances of cure are as early as possible signs of cancer and start treatment.
Metastatic Cancer – Description
Cancer in dogs has a unique feature in breeding and regeneration in other areas separate from the place of occurrence. This property is known as metastasis, and is a secondary type of cancer. in dogs. The main pathways for the spread of cancer cells are blood flow and lymphatic system (lymph nodes). Dog metastatic tumors develop from primary cells the tumor in which they occurred.
For example, in the case of metastatic lung cancer in dogs, a tumor occurs in the lungs and travels throughout the body. Metastases in this case will consist of lung cells. Metastatic cancer can spread to any part of the dog’s body, but more often it extends to either the lungs or bones.
Signs and Symptoms
Symptoms of dog metastases are very differentiated in depending on the type of cancer. Symptoms depend on invasiveness and the duration of the tumor. When metastasis spreads to the bones, primary symptoms may be decreased mobility and fear run or climb stairs. Kidney metastases may decrease their function, which can lead to problems with urination, intense thirst and general weakness.
Any type of cancer in dogs can lead to the following symptoms:
- Shortness of breath, shortness of breath
- Decreased appetite
- Excessive thirst
- Fast weight loss
In most cases, the main cancerous tumor is diagnosed. long before the appearance of metastases. In other cases, metastatic cancer can cause symptoms before it is diagnosed main tumor.
As a rule, a blood test is performed first. With his help deviations in the level of protein, sugar, white and red are checked blood cells, etc. if any signs are found the presence of cancer, then they are usually X-ray
Treatment for dog metastases depends on stage and location cancer. In most cases, radiation and chemotherapy to try to reduce the size of the tumor and destroy cancer cells. In other cases, it applies surgical removal of the tumor. If the dog is on late stages of cancer, then sedatives and palliative helping the animal may be more appropriate than treatment.