Dog Ear Disorders: Symptoms and treatment

A pet dog’s ear problem is one of the most common reasons for going to the veterinarian. Many ear diseases are easy treatable, but some require a long and diligent work. What are the diseases of the ears in dogs? Read on.

Dog Ear Disorders: Symptoms and treatment

Ear mites

Symptoms: noticeable brown deposits (similar to coffee beans) inside the ear. These ticks force shake your dog with your head and scratch your ears.

Treatment: simply treated with ear drops.

Ear infection


Bacterial ear infection or otitis media is the most common ear disease. Owners usually go to the veterinarian only when they see a dog scratching its ears and often shakes his head. The dog can also show aggression when touching her ears. Sometimes discharge is observed.

Diagnosis and treatment

Diagnosis of external otitis media can be performed during veterinary consultation. The vet may use simple tests to determine if a dog is suffering from bacterial ear infections.

As with most cases concerning the ears, the veterinarian:

  • Check the ears visually to see if there is redness, hair loss or any injuries, as well as noticeable discharge.
  • Visually check the ears inside using a special device – otoscope, the veterinarian will be able to look inside the ear and see inflammation or discharge. Veterinarian also check integrity eardrum.
  • will check the smell from the ears. The smell of “fermentation” is usually the best indicator of an ear infection.

If the dog repeatedly suffers from this problem, then the veterinarian may decide to take a swab from the inner ear and give it to analysis in the laboratory to determine the most suitable course treatments for the animal. As in other parts of the body, some bacteria are more resistant to certain antibiotics.

External otitis media is usually treated with antibiotics. They are applied in the form of ear drops. Many veterinarians advise use ear cleaner at least an hour before application of drops. Using antibiotic on clean ears will help him to work most effectively. Overwhelming majority cases of external otitis media, treatment with ear drops is sufficient for a full recovery.

Foreign body in the ear


Foreign bodies (usually various seeds) are also found in dogs quite often. This phenomenon is seasonal when the dog walks on tall grass, and various seeds fall into her ear canals. Owners in this case will see their dog frantically shaking her head and scratching her ear. Rare when the seeds large enough and sharp, a small amount may appear blood.

Diagnosis and treatment

You can detect a foreign body in a dog’s ear canal using otoscope. Some veterinarians may try to rinse your ears to remove an object, however, depending on the shape of the seeds, it may surgical removal is required. Dog may need general anesthesia, so the vet will be able to remove foreign bodies from the ear long tongs. After the procedure, the dog may need a course antibiotics and painkillers.

Some dogs are thought to be more likely to be hit. foreign bodies into the auditory canal due to the shape of their ears. To this category dogs with drooping ears, such as a springer spaniel, are caught.

Ear hematoma


Most dogs with any ear problems shake their heads vigorously. This can sometimes lead to rupture of blood vessels inside the ear, due to which it can fill up with blood and swell. This condition is also known as ear hematoma.

Diagnosis and treatment

A hematoma is diagnosed by visual examination of the ear. There are several ways to treat it, but most of them require anesthesia or general anesthesia. Commonly used following methods:

  • Ear drainage with a syringe and needle – the problem is that the ear can be filled with blood again.
  • Ear drainage and suturing – in this case, it is rather total, can’t fill up with blood. Seams can be removed after about 14 days.
  • Use a bandage to secure the drained ear to to the head. In practice, this method is rarely used, since many dogs can’t tolerate it.
  • Using temporary drainage (drain pipe Penrose).

In many of these methods, the use of Elizabethan The collar will help stop the dog from aggravating the situation. AT in some cases, the dog has to bandage his legs to prevent scratching.

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