Colitis in dogs – clinical symptoms and treatment

What is colitis?

Colitis usually refers to inflammation of the thick or straight. guts. It is also often used to describe diarrhea or fluid. stool associated with the colon.

Colitis in dogs - clinical symptoms and treatment

What are the clinical symptoms of colitis?

Most dog owners report frequent and small loose stool in their pets. Many dogs are very tense during or after defecation, blood may also occur in the stool. AT cases of chronic colitis in a dog’s stool or fat. Vomiting occurs in less than a third of colitis. Loss weight is rare.

What are the causes of colitis?

Causes of colitis can be stresses, infections (including salmonella, clostridia and E. coli) and parasites (Giardia, cryptosporidia), injuries, allergies and primary inflammatory bowel disease. Colitis may also be caused after administration. contaminated food in contact with infected dogs.

Whatever the cause, inflammation of the colon occurs, decreased water absorption and fecal accumulation capacity in the thick gut. This leads to classic frequent diarrhea, sometimes with an admixture mucus or blood.

How is colitis diagnosed?

Colitis is diagnosed based on your clinical symptoms. pet and their history, using microscopic analysis of feces, rectal examination, cytology and blood analysis. Sometimes an additional study of radiographs of the colon gastrointestinal tract, colonoscopy, colon biopsy, barium enema and abdominal ultrasound. These tests will help to rule out likelihood of colon tumors or polyps, syndrome irritable bowel, inversion of the cecum and intussusception intestines.

How to treat colitis?

Treatment should be based on the causes of colitis. Sometimes treatment includes fasting for 24-48 hours, low-calorie or hypoallergenic diet with a high content of dietary fiber. TO plantain, beetroot press or fructooligosaccharides. Depending on the diagnosis, there may be antimicrobials are prescribed. Anti-inflammatory or immunosuppressive drugs may be prescribed in cases of inflammatory or immune causes of colitis. Medicinal agents that soften colonic motility may reduce symptoms.

What is the prognosis if a dog has colitis?

For most dogs diagnosed with colitis, the prognosis is quick recovery. Stress colitis is one of the most common ones that is treated by a change in diet and simple medicines. Dogs usually return to normal life for 3-5 days. Chronic, severe or recurrence of colitis should be carefully studied to determine the exact cause and purpose of appropriate treatment. Many dogs suffering from chronic colitis, strict diet and proper the use of drugs allows you to keep the disease under control.

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