What is cataract?
The eyeball is a lens that focuses light on the back of the eye or retina. Ability to see carried through the retina. The structure of the eye is like a camera, which has a lens to focus light on the film. Lens, which becomes cloudy and opaque, called cataract.
What causes cataracts?
The most common cause of cataract in dogs is inheritance transfer. Other causes are eye injuries or diseases such as diabetes. Sometimes cataracts in old dogs appears spontaneously.
Are there any dog breeds more prone to cataract?
Hereditary cataracts can develop in any breed. Somewhat more prone to cataracts are American cocker spaniel, golden retriever, french poodle, welsh Springer Spaniel and Boston Terrier.
Will the dog go blind?
If cataract affects less than 30% of the lenses of one eye, then this rarely leads to a significant decrease in vision. When opacity covers 60% of the total surface of the lens – violation vision becomes apparent. The dog will go blind in case of defeat 100% of the eye area. However, is cataract static or progressive, depending on its type, dog breed and several other factors.
How can blindness be prevented in a dog?
Veterinary ophthalmologists can surgically remove cataracts and restore your pet’s vision. Most pets have virtually no complications after surgery and return to normal life after several days of rest. Your vet should arrange your meeting with an ophthalmologist for further evaluation pet status and determining appropriate treatment options.
At what age can a dog go blind from cataracts?
The main cause of cataracts is poor heredity, cataract progression differs from breed to breed and depends from the individual characteristics of the dog. Some breeds have cataracts may develop at a relatively young age, but in other breeds the first signs of cataracts can progress very slowly, and the dog will have quite good eyesight right up to old age.
If the disease is hereditary, how can it be to prevent?
This is a situation that is better to prevent than to cure. Some veterinary ophthalmologists offer special programs and certificates that guarantee that puppies will not have cataracts.