What is punishment?
Punishment is a kind of penalty for inappropriate action or behavior. Usually the punishments for dogs and cats are throwing objects at them, tugging at the collar, bullying with a finger and voice, electroshock devices and physical influences, such as bumps, jerks, jabs. Punishment is not synonymous inflicting pain or abuse, however, reinforcing methods punishments are often abusive. Nevertheless, the purpose of the punishment is to reduce or terminate the unacceptable behavior, and if this does not happen, then the punishment is not effective and needs to be stopped. On the other hand, any intervention in animal behavior is designed to improve performing certain actions and is some reinforcing this. Therefore, if the behavior of the animal continues despite the fact that its owner believes that he is his punishes, in fact, the punishments in his actions may not be.
Is it possible to punish a pet for unacceptable behavior?
Punishment can be effective if applied properly. for 1 to 2 seconds, however, if applicable wrong, then it can even exacerbate the existing problem and lead to new ones. Right punishment (unpleasant irritation) is used to reduce unacceptable behavior, and not for animal discipline. It should be used while when such behavior occurs, and ideally when it begins. The punishment should be sufficient to deter the animal from inappropriate behavior, and timely to match this behavior. Similar punishments are often applied too. late or in qualitatively constant bullying. It leads to that the animal becomes more intimidated, but does not change its problematic behavior.
After the behavior ceases, the punishment becomes inappropriate and unreasonable, as this punishment is most likely will be associated in the animal with what it does in a given moment, and is unlikely to be associated with any incident in the past. Together, the dog should be praised immediately if it changed her behavior.
Punishment directed by a person directly to a dog, as a rule, should be avoided. The punishment is painful and definitely inhumane action. Punishment on the other hand various devices that cause discomfort may be effective if they occur every time an animal exhibits problematic behavior, even if the owner is not nearby. At dogs or cats, thus creating a fear of recurrence such behavior, and she stops reproducing it.
Why do dogs, cats and other pets show guilty view?
Pets may show a guilty look if they can predict that you are going to punish them or if you unhappy. The guilty look is actually an attempt to calm human, because the animal is able to foresee the coming punishment. Thus, the guilty species cannot be considered confirmation of the violation by the animal. Dogs for example often show peace gestures, squat down, ears and tail are tight. In dogs, these gestures are designed to calm another dog and make her less assertive. In other words, a dog tells us please stop screaming, beating and punishing me.
The animal may act guilty because of the tone of your voice, your posture or your actions. Pets can also demonstrate guilt if they know what situations lead to punishment. For example, if an animal knows that whenever you enter the room, and the carpet in it was stained or caused by another any damage, then you turn into a dangerous person, and therefore, it will avoid you, or demonstrate guilt and gestures of appeasement. However, this will not teach your pet behave correctly, since during his unacceptable behavior there were no unpleasant consequences (in fact, rather of all, it was nice and necessary). Those abilities that required to understand a person’s logic and language, as well as to relate punishment with actions that have occurred for many minutes or hours back, not a single pet. In fact, if your the pet has already received punishment, and began to demonstrate his guilty for any actions that occurred in the past, in this there is nothing unusual.
Punishment stops the pet from doing wrong behavior. Why is it not recommended to use it?
When you apply punishment, it serves to stop abnormal behavior only when you are present. It often happens that the animal will begin to understand that behavior leads to punishment only in your presence, and will soon learn to stop unwanted behavior when you look at her and continue it when you are not looking. For some animals, mild punishment is associated with some a form of attention, and, in this case, it can even enhance unwanted behavior.
Another serious problem with the application of punishment is that if you use a physical effect, it can cause animal excessive discomfort and intense fear when there will be apply next time.
Another problem is that a pet can get confused in conflicting signals, and will not be able to determine is your approaching hand friendly or will it bring punishment. A pet should always understand that the approaching hand is a positive gesture, the hand of a friend. This is especially applies to cats in which any punishment can develop fear in front of people.
Can punishment be used to learning?
Punishment can teach a pet that certain actions are unpleasant, but it cannot teach him what is good. Training should focus on reinforcement desired actions. Thus, reinforcement can reinforce that the behavior we need, and punishment can reduce that the behavior we want to stop. Punishment may be effective in training only when it occurs in for 1 or 2 seconds with low intensity that will not contribute to the development of fear, but at the same time desirable behavior should be immediately encouraged and rewarded.
In theory, everything is simple, but in practice it often happens that the punishment is applied too late and with the wrong intensity. If your dog is researching something unwanted, then a quick no will be enough for her to appreciate this, and if then you praise her and direct her in the right direction, then, in this way you teach your dog the right behavior. On practice often punishment is applied without redirecting the dog, as a result, she resumes behavior again. If one word or noise is not enough to stop your dog, then you need develop a different strategy so that it draws attention to you and Followed your further instructions.
Can punishment be used to show a dog assertiveness or demonstrate dominance?
Even if the punishment can stop the dog’s behavior in the presence of one or more family members, the same punishment can cause a defensive or even aggressive response in a dog reaction if applied by another person. Some homework animals can defend themselves or become aggressive towards anyone who raises his voice or tries to punish them physically.
Often those methods that are used to demonstrate domination are the usual methods of punishment. They can cause fear and some negative reactions in the dog, but suppress dog behavior they are only in the short term. Successful same methods of exposure always include positive reinforcement and create positive relationships. Therefore, all that dogs need is these are only humane and predictable rules for fulfilling the right behavior.
If the dog is afraid of noise, alien dogs and people, and leaves out of control in this case whether the punishment in this case?
Punishment, as a rule, increases a dog’s fear, agitation and even aggression. In the short term, this method seems an ideal and quick solution to the problem, but with a repetition of the situation, escalation of punishment will be required, and the dog may completely get out of control. Punishment never reduces fear. Keep in mind that if punishment stops behavior, then the frequency of punishments should decline, and ultimately come to naught.
If punishment is not recommended, then how to stop unwanted behavior?
Punishment, of course, under certain conditions, may be successful to stop unwanted behavior when you present, however, it is not applicable when you are absent.
The most important thing to understand is that punishment is not encourages the pet to learn how to behave right. Training should always focus on getting from the pet of the desired response, not punishment. If you see that your pet is engaging in unwanted behavior or is distracted, then redirecting it to a more appropriate behavior would be better training. Most unwanted actions in pets are due to the fact that they were not properly controlled and were left to their own devices.
Can punishment be a cause of behavioral problems?
Yes, many behavioral problems result from wrong or excessive punishment. Fact is that ordinary a positive situation can become negative simply because of a small punishment. For example, if a dog is often punished for being barks at visitors to your home or people passing by, then she will become even more afraid of new visitors and passers-by.
Similarly, if the animal is punished when it begins to examine a new child, then, most likely, this forms with him negative associations with the child. In general, usually when the animal is punished several times in situations that we consider unwanted, then it starts to be afraid of these situations, people or other animals at all subsequent encounters.
Another possible result of punishment may be that the pet will get confused and confused, why it will start exhibit unusual behavior such as flight, chewing, or licking oneself, loss of control over urination. It may occur in situations where the reaction and behavior of the dog owner contradictory. For example, if some pet greetings and attention to him was joyful and pleasant, while in others, the pet was punished, which is completely inexplicable to him. Therefore, it is important to be consistent and teach a pet receive praise only under certain conditions, which applies to punished too.
Is it possible to apply punishment to fix problems with behavior?
Punishment should not be used to correct unwanted behavior.
Punishment focuses on stopping the unwanted behavior, but it does not teach what is undesirable. For example, if an animal barks, it is aggressive towards strangers. or children, then the punishment will only lead to even more aggressive and terrible reaction. In this situation, it is necessary to calm the animal and reinforce his behavior, if it has changed to desired, teach him how to behave in this situation, then each The next contact will have a positive result.