Osteosarcoma is one of the most common tumors. bones in dogs. Bone cancer can develop in any dog breed, but more common in large and giant breeds.
This type of cancer is extremely aggressive and tends to rapid spread to other parts of the dog’s body (metastases). There are affordable treatments for osteosarcoma, but in general in the long run, the prognosis for the animal is unfavorable. Bone cancer can also develop in cats, but this happens. rarely.
Many signs of bone cancer are subtle. They can include swelling, lameness, and bone pain. In some cases, dogs with bone cancer develop anorexia and decline endurance. Dogs sometimes develop obesity and painful inflammation around the tumor.
Causes of Bone Cancer in Dogs Today unexplored, but most often it develops in large dogs. Also several studies have shown that the risk of developing this type of cancer slightly increased in those dogs that had injuries or bone fractures.
For diagnosis, the veterinarian will use a radiograph, to get an accurate picture of the tumor. Other diagnostic tests also include biopsies, blood tests, and computed tomography. If bone cancer is diagnosed, the prognosis is usually adverse and existing treatments have numerous side effects.
For the treatment of osteosarcoma along with surgical methods often chemotherapy is used so that the disease does not spread to other parts of the dog’s body, especially the lymph nodes. In heavy in cases the veterinarian may recommend limb amputation to completely remove the tumor.
Recovery and remission
After surgery, dog activity should be minimized. The recovery program will include an application painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs. After operation monitoring of white and red cell levels is also necessary blood.
There are currently no known methods for the prevention of bone cancer. exists.