Rabies is a deadly virus spread throughout the world. The disease can occur without pronounced symptoms. It has several forms, the most dangerous is violent. Treatment for an infected individual does not exist. Save the animal and prevent mass infection will help only preventive vaccination.
- 1 Causes of infection
- 2 Symptoms of the disease
- 2.1 Wild
- 2.2 Quiet (apathetic)
- 2.3 Atypical
- 2.4 Returnable (remitting)
- 2.5 Abortive
- 3 Treatment
- 4 Vaccination of dogs
- 4.1 Important conditions
- 4.2 Side effects
- 5 First aid for a dog with a bite
Causes of infection
Foxes are the most common vector for the virus. rabies
Rabies is a deadly infection that affects everyone. warm-blooded individuals. The carriers of the disease are wild animals. (hares, wild boars, ferrets, raccoons, foxes, hedgehogs, bats), stray dogs.
The virus enters the body with saliva when bitten. Disease causes inflammation of the brain, disrupts the central nervous system, paralysis occurs, and the animal dies.
Rabies mortality is 100%. The virus is spread to all continents of the world except Antarctica. It affects dogs of any breed and age.
Symptoms of the disease
The incubation period lasts from 10 days to three months, this depends on the form. It is difficult to detect infection in time, especially a person without a medical education. Many symptoms are implicit, they may indicate other diseases.
The closer the bite is to the head, the faster the virus will reach brain.
The disease has several forms that vary. symptoms.
Wild behavior can be replaced by apathy and lethargy, then there comes a new fit of rage
The most common and dangerous, has several stages:
- Prodromal. It lasts 5-10 days. In this stage symptoms are subtle. The animal is lethargic, sleepy, hiding from people not responding to commands. Sometimes everything can be accurate on the contrary: the pet everywhere follows the owner, licks his hands, requires attention, tries to bite, but does not attack. Salivation profuse, swallowing and breathing problems.
- Paralytic. It lasts 2-3 days. Is coming apathy, the animal refuses food and water, cannot swallow, excessive salivation. Weakness, lameness, or dragging is observed hind legs. Later, the dog falls into a coma and dies.
- Manic. The most dangerous. 3-5 lasts days. The dog is aggressive, trying to bite the owner, the dogs surrounding her, grabs a jaw of various objects, rushing about. The attack occurs unexpectedly, the saliva foams. Often comes paralysis of the throat and jaw, cramps of the limbs.
Similar symptoms may be caused by other diseases.
The form proceeds rapidly no more than 4 days. Not divided into stages. The animal is calm, constantly lying, appetite normal, but swallowing functions are difficult, abundant salivation. There is a shaky gait or paralysis of the hind legs, pharynx and jaw, strabismus, lacrimation, fear of bright Sveta.
The dog may also refuse food due to stress
Chronic form, can occur for several months. During this time, the pet infects the person and others animals. Symptoms are implicit: lethargy, lack of aggression, violation digestion, vomiting, exhaustion. These symptoms are often left without attention, and the animal dies.
Symptoms appear, then disappear after some time, become pronounced again. Symptom return may continue indefinitely. This form poorly understood.
It is rare, is still being studied by specialists. At the dog all symptoms appear, she copes with the disease on her own and fully heals.
By the time symptoms of rabies appear in the animal irreversible processes occur.
Rabies virus is incurable symptoms of the dog are taken to the veterinarian, quarantined and observed for behavior and health status. If an aggravation is noticeable, in in most cases, the animal is euthanized to exclude suffering. The final diagnosis is made at autopsy, the body is required destroy (burn).
To save the life of the pet, vaccination against rabies (in spring or autumn). Privika provides reliable protection and eliminates the risk of infection.
Strong immunity appears after three injections.
Until this time, the pet is at risk and may get infected. You need to carefully monitor him, do not let go with leash, eliminate contact with stray dogs and wild animals.
Vaccination is required when breeding thoroughbred dogs for sales, for hunting and service breeds, when traveling abroad, frequent train and flight trips to participate in contests, exhibitions
Puppies are first vaccinated in 2.5-3 months. Re-injection is done after 30 days, then annually. Walks allowed only 10 days after re-administration of the vaccine, since immunity is not formed yet.
Quarantine after vaccination is an important condition, which in no case case must not be violated
The vaccination procedure is safe, but requires training. After drug administration per condition the animal must be observed.
- Only a healthy animal is vaccinated.
- 30 days before vaccination, preventive measures are taken against helminths.
- Self-administered substance is not recommended. The doctor turns on a medical card and makes notes of all procedures performed by the pet, compiles a vaccination calendar.
- Apply quality drugs in compliance with the expiration date and storage conditions.
- After vaccination, quarantine is required at 14 days. Physical load is reduced, bathing is not carried out, exclude pet contacts with other animals. The dog should not be cold and overheat.
- Adverse reactions may occur after 15-30 minutes or after 2-3 days. It all depends on the individual characteristics of the body. It is better to leave the pet for an hour with the veterinarian for observation.
- Vaccination is carried out annually.
Unexplained timidity may be one side effect. animal
Most dogs can easily be vaccinated; their condition normalizes within 7 days after the injection, but sometimes occur serious complications, such as:
- Redness of the skin, itching.
- Anaphylactic shock.
- Loss of appetite, violation of the swallowing reflex, vomiting, stomach upset.
- Inflammation of the injection site, swelling.
- Seal at the injection site.
- Decreased physical activity, drowsiness, frequent yawning.
- Lacrimation, photophobia.
- Profuse salivation.
- Wheezing, coughing, change of voice.
- Shaky gait, limp, cramps.
- Impaired breathing and heart rate.
If symptoms appear, it is important to consult a veterinarian. for therapeutic measures.
First aid dog with a bite
If a pet is bitten by an animal without vaccination, he needs to provide first aid, try to stop the penetration of saliva into blood:
- The dog must be brought home.
- Put on gloves, inspect the wound, remove wool around her.
- Wash the bite area under running water using laundry soap.
- After this, call the veterinarian to administer the rabies vaccines.
The measures taken do not exclude rabies infection.
Rabies is deadly to animals and humans. Timely annual pet vaccination will exclude infection and save his life.