A fluffy lump appeared in the house, which touches all the household its immediacy? You made the right choice!
Over time, a clumsy puppy will turn into a handsome handsome man, game partner, guard and companion.
In the meantime, you need to do everything so that the baby settles in a new the house.
And just a little is needed for this: love, patience, right nutrition, and, of course, protection against infections.
Only a loving owner is able to protect his pet from diseases. And vaccinations will help in this.
Vaccinations for puppies are needed in order to protect their body from diseases
- 1 Preventive vaccination: what you need to know about vaccinations
- 2 Types of vaccinations
- 3 Dog vaccination schedule
- 4 How to prepare your puppy for the first vaccination
- 5 Effects of vaccination
Preventive vaccination: what you need to know about vaccinations
Dogs, like humans, are susceptible to various diseases.
Puppies are especially susceptible to them, and this applies to all dog breeds, like small ones, like schipperke, pug and Pomeranian, and to big ones, like Golden Retriever, Tosa Inui Kuvas.
During this period, owners have to deal mainly with infectious and invasive diseases.
The probability of infection of a domestic dog living in the city, approaching 100%. This is not an exaggeration, but a consequence of uncontrolled dog boom.
Stray dogs and unsanitary conditions increase the number of infected animals.
But with viral infections, not everything is so hopeless, they are easier to warn than to treat.
An effective and effective means is vaccination.
After the American Association in 2006 analyzed the principles regarding dog vaccinations, appeared updated vaccine list.
They were divided into three categories:
- basic (vital);
- not recommended.
The first group includes vaccinations against rabies, plague of carnivores and parvovirus enteritis.
The second group is vaccines against canine parainfluenza, leptospirosis, adenovirus, enteritis.
In addition to common vaccines, there are less popular ones. prick from ringworm (it is given from two months) and pyroplasmosis.
During the vaccination process, the puppy needs support the owner
Types of vaccinations
The immunity developed depends on the vaccine used and the method. introducing it into the body.
All existing vaccines can be divided into two types:
- MLV, or live vaccines (with modified or attenuated live viruses);
- KV, or “dead” vaccines (inactivated).
In the first case, live attenuated viruses are introduced into the body, which can not harm the pet, but contribute to the development of persistent protection in the body of the animal.
Immunity in this case is generated quickly, but it persists for several years.
This type of vaccine is produced, most often, lyophilized, then is in a waxy form.
“Live” vaccines include drugs to develop immunity against pathogens:
- hepatitis A;
- parvovirus enteritis.
The vaccination schedule should take into account the lifestyle of the hosts, travel habits, environment
Dead ‘vaccines work differently. If live viruses need enter quite a bit, then the dead will need more.
But they will not be able to multiply in the body. In this case you will also need additional substances that are administered along with viruses.
Protective properties after using this type of vaccine They are not produced immediately, but only after repeated vaccinations.
They are made with a break of several weeks.
“Dead” vaccines enter the distribution network more often in liquid form. With their help, they fight against pathogens:
The first vaccinations for dogs are done at 8 weeks, before that the baby’s body is protected by maternal immunity
Veterinarians recommend using live puppies for vaccination vaccines. ”
But in every rule there is an exception. Well established “dead” rabies vaccine.
It is effective and reliable: after the second injection, most dogs receive lifelong immunity against this dangerous illnesses.
Important! One dose is needed for vaccination. vaccines. Weight, age and breed do not matter.
Depending on the number of types of viruses contained in vaccines, they are divided into single vaccines and complex (multivalent) vaccines.
Monovaccines fight one disease, complex vaccines fight several. Vaccination is carried out both subcutaneously and intramuscularly.
It is impossible to combine the method of administration of different drugs.
Before vaccination, the puppy should not be allowed to communicate with others. pets
Dog vaccination schedule
The vaccination schedule should take into account the lifestyle of the owners, travel habits, environment.
The first vaccinations for puppies are given at 8 weeks, until this time The baby’s body is protected by maternal immunity.
Maternal antibodies are delivered to the toddler with milk and have wide range of action.
They not only neutralize dangerous microbes, viruses and bacteria, but also block the components of the vaccine.
To the question: when to do the first vaccinations for puppies, veterinarians They say that you should not rush with this.
An experienced doctor will help you determine when and what time The first vaccination of a puppy should be done. Usually this 8-10 weeks.
Maternal immunity is weakening by this time, and the effect of antibodies becomes minimal.
If there is a suspicion of the presence of fleas and ticks, it is necessary to process wool before vaccinations
At 8-10 weeks of age, puppies are vaccinated against:
- parvovirus enteritis;
- carnivore plague;
- infectious hepatitis;
The Nobivak DHPPi vaccine together with Nobivak is suitable for this. Lepto.
After 3-4 weeks, the vaccine is repeated with the addition of a vaccine from Rabies Nobivac Rabies.
Then, on the advice of a doctor, you can repeat the vaccination after tooth changes.
The next revaccination is carried out at 12 months, then annually.
Before vaccination, it is necessary to drive off the worms to the pet. Do this 7-10 days before vaccination. Anthelmintic Dose depends on the weight of the animal
Vaccinations are not given at an early age, not because puppies do not can get infectious diseases, but due to inefficiency vaccination at this age.
If there is a need for early vaccination, then you need Know which first vaccination will benefit your puppy.
This is the Dutch vaccine Nobivak PuppyDH. It is already effective at 6- weekly age.
Inoculating puppies up to 8 weeks is advisable only in some cases:
- if the young mother was vaccinated;
- if it is not possible to protect babies from contact with potential carriers of infection;
- if you plan to transport pets;
- in case of uneven development of puppies in the litter.
Important! Rabies vaccination is required. It can be done in clinics that have permission for this. Otherwise with time problems may arise with the issuance of certificates for transportation of the animal.
Only fully healthy puppies can be vaccinated, with no signs malaise
How to prepare a puppy for the first vaccination
The vaccine gently prepares the puppy’s immune system to fight the invasion of dangerous microorganisms.
Vaccination usually takes place without complications, but without compliance rules can not do here.
- Only fully healthy puppies can be vaccinated, with no signs malaise.
- For three days before vaccination, you need to monitor animal temperature. It should be 38–39.30С.
- If fleas and ticks are suspected, need to handle the coat before vaccination. Warn appearance these parasites can be put on a protective pet collar.
- Before vaccination, it is necessary to drive off the worms to the pet. Do this 7-10 days before vaccinations. Anthelmintic Dose depends on the weight of the animal.
- Before vaccination and during quarantine can not be displayed pet street. In order not to bring infection into the house, you need handle the rugs in front of the door with a disinfectant solution.
- For the normal formation of immunity, it is necessary to provide full puppy feeding.
After the first vaccination, immunity is formed within 12 days. Before the deadline, quarantine is required. Puppy after vaccination may be sluggish, sometimes there is a fever, general weakness, diarrhea. Good nutrition is the minimum that requires it puppy time
Vaccinations are best left to specialists. Veterinarian will help you choose vaccine, determine the scheme and tell you when to do the first vaccination a puppy.
But he can not affect the formation of immunity in a puppy.
In order for everything to go without complications, the puppy after the first vaccinations should not:
- walking on the street;
After the first vaccination, immunity is formed within 12 days. Before the deadline, quarantine is required.
Puppy after vaccination may be lethargic, sometimes observed fever, general weakness, diarrhea.
Good nutrition is the minimum that requires at this time puppy.
You can walk after the first vaccination no earlier than five weeks.
You can walk after the first vaccination no earlier than five weeks
Persistent immunity is formed in a puppy 15 days after revaccination.
Then you can safely let the baby frolic to full.
And after the first vaccination, you can walk with the puppy only by bringing it to hands for sunbathing.
They are useful for the prevention of rickets.
You can not be vaccinated against plague during a tooth change.
The vaccine negatively affects the enamel, and the puppy’s teeth can acquire yellowish tint, which will eventually turn into an early caries.
Do not ignore the vaccination calendar, then you will provide your pet healthy life
The puppy’s well-being during vaccination should be monitored especially carefully.
And if he still gets sick at this time, you need to immediately see a doctor. This will increase the chances of the baby.
After all, infectious diseases in young animals develop very quickly, sometimes even swiftly.
If the clinic is contacted after two days of malaise, then the result of treatment may be unpredictable.
Simple attention will save the dog’s health and life, and the owners – time, nerves and money.
The first vaccinations for puppies: how to protect your baby from dangerous infections
The first vaccinations for puppies. In order to shape the puppy immunity against viral infection requires vaccination. The main vaccination rules will help prepare the puppy and keep his health.