Dog stomatitis is a gum disease that occurs often. This disease is accompanied by inflammatory a process in the mucous membranes of the oral cavity that occurs in several stages. There are several types of stomatitis, however, all they manifest the same symptoms, and their treatment is similar. What forms of stomatitis are found in dogs, and how can they get rid of?
Types of stomatitis in dogs
Among the various types of stomatitis, the following varieties:
- Atrophic disease. Such a pathology the oral cavity in dogs is due to an unsatisfactory care, against the background of physical exhaustion and during natural changes, occurring in the body of an animal with age. Mucous membrane becomes loose, inflammation appears, affected tissues covered with vesicles and papillomas, the resulting wounds begin bleed. Such processes are accompanied by severe pain, and the dog not able to eat dry, solid foods.
- Peptic ulcer, it’s gangrenous disease. It can develop for a variety of reasons – due to improper nutrition, infectious pathogens, tumor formations, regular stress, somatic diseases, hormonal changes and a weak immune system. With the disease, lesions form in in the form of bleeding “wells”, gums are more often damaged, less often cheeks and tongue. Not notice symptoms of ulcerative stomatitis in a pet impossible. Mucous in the dying stage that surround damage, acquire a bright red color, their edges become cyanotic or gray. If the dog is trying to nibble something, then on the subject remains blood.
- Catarrhal disease. Mucous inflamed, but without obvious damage in the form of ulcerations and deep a wound. Swelling of the affected areas is observed, appears light plaque. Most often, this form of stomatitis occurs due to inadequate oral care, tartar, acute edges of broken teeth. Sometimes the inflammatory process in the mucous membranes tissues occurs against the background of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, liver tissue, disorders in the immune system. This is one of the easiest types. stomatitis, but if left untreated, it will certainly occur complications.
Whatever kind of disease appears, its symptoms will be the dog worry. The pet will eat food more carefully or at all refuse food, rub his face with his paws and try to avoid inspection. It is important for owners to timely detect pathologies and Seek professional help.
Dog stomatitis treatment
Therapy begins with the exclusion of food capable of damage the mucous tissues of the mouth. If the pet eats dry feed, then it is time to abandon them. The diet includes broths of fish, meat, mucous liquid gruel, low-fat dairy products, jelly. Food should be warm and have homogeneous consistency.
With severe lesions of the mucous membranes, 1-2 days is recommended fasting, but the dog should be provided with clean drinking water. So that the pet’s body is not depleted, it can be assigned intravenous and subcutaneous injections of saline, plasma substitutes and vitamins.
The oral cavity is treated with disinfectant aqueous solutions. – with potassium permanganate, ethacridine lactate, boric acid or furatsilinom. Solutions should be weak so as not to irritate damaged surface.
Herbal irrigation has a more delicate effect. decoctions, you can use chamomile flowers, calendula, sage and etc. They are carried out using a pear, a syringe without a needle. Also possible soak a cotton swab with solutions and treat the affected plots.
After treatments, it is recommended to grease the tissues of the mouth with special gels or ointments. In this case, the drug helps. Metrogil Dent. If we are talking about necrosis (death) of the mucous membranes damaged areas, then in this case you can do lotions with sea buckthorn oil.
You can cure deep ulcers and wounds with a solution of iodine and glycerin, lapis (silver nitrite), synthomycin emulsion and etc. In case of complications, antibiotic therapy is prescribed. Drugs and dosage should be prescribed by a veterinarian. Not suitable for treating dogs drugs from the tetracycline group, as they are too toxic
It is recommended to include in the diet during and after illness additional vitamin bait and supplements. If stomatitis occurs against the background of another disease (the so-called secondary stomatitis), then first of all therapy is directed to treatment root causes. In addition to treatment, a more important aspect is preventative measures. The dog should receive good nutrition and live in normal conditions, these are the basic conditions of health pet.
Do not give your pet hot and cold dishes, as well as medicines that can irritate the mucous membranes. Bones, especially chicken tubular, can lead to many complications, in including damage to the mouth and further inflammation and suppuration. Sometimes stomatitis develops for reasons beyond the control of a person, but most often the owner can control and warn inflammatory processes. After all, to prevent the disease is always much easier than later treating it long and painfully.