The symptom is what the patient feels and can describe, and a sign is something that other people, such as a doctor, may notice. For example, drowsiness may be a symptom, and dilated pupils may be a sign.
The period from infection with rabies to the first symptoms (incubation period) may take from four to eight weeks, and sometimes more than a year. The farther the bite from the head, the longer the incubation period.
The first flu-like symptoms are fever, headache, and fatigue. There will also be tingling or pain at the site of the bite and anorexia (loss of appetite).
Two possible types of rabies can develop – violent rabies or silent rabies.
Symptoms of violent rabies:
- progressive anxiety and excitement
- excessive secretion of tears and saliva
- dilated pupils
- thermophobia – temperature sensitivity
- hydrophobia (hydrophobia)
- partial paralysis
- alternating periods of clarity of mind with severe anxiety and then confusion, delirium and hallucinations
Almost all patients die within two to ten days after the onset of the first symptoms. Those who managed to survive had serious brain damage.
Symptoms of silent rabies:
This rarer type of rabies affects the spinal cord. A patient gradually becomes paralyzed until the lungs and heart cease to function. About a week after development symptoms, patients fall into a coma, and then die.
A patient with quiet rabies will feel embarrassed, anxiety, agitation, headache, hallucinations, fear of water, increased salivation, partial paralysis, which distributed by.
How to avoid rabies?
If you bite animals, you should immediately consult a doctor and get treatment. Even if the animal was not infected with rabies, tetanus treatment may be needed.
If rabies symptoms appear – death is almost inevitable.