Pyometra in cats

Pyometra in cats – a form of purulent endometritis (inflammation of the internal mucous membrane of the uterus due to introduced infection). Purulent inflammation of the endometrium is divided into two forms: open and closed. Open form implies continuous discharge of pus from the open cervix, closed form occurs in cases where pus accumulates inside the body uterus. A disease that has not undergone medical intervention may lead to complications (uterine rupture) and even death. The pyometer can also affect young females that have never mated with cat, but more often it affects individuals of middle and old age, repeatedly bringing offspring and those who did not know communication with male.

Causes of the appearance of pyometers in cats

The owner is not always able to establish the exact cause of the occurrence diseases, but most often a bacterial infection can appear in such cases:

  • Uterine infection – neglect of the rules hygiene during childbirth and shortly after them, pathology of childbirth, promiscuous sexual intercourse with males;
  • Reproductive system diseases (follicular cysts ovaries, dystonia);
  • Inflammation of the genitourinary system;
  • Frequent use of estrogen suppressants (in cats, they lead to hormonal imbalance and change uterine tissues);
  • Invasive diseases affecting organs animal reproductions;
  • Immune system disorders, vitamin deficiency, weakened the body.

As can be seen from the above reasons, a pyometer may develop in almost any cat – sitting at home without a shed or one which the owner has granted complete freedom of movement.

Symptoms of pyometers in cats

An open form of the disease allows the owner to notice frequent cat licking genital organs and purulent droplets (sometimes with mucus and blood) discharge on the beds, floor, furniture. But the cat is the animal is clean, therefore, even in the case of an open form pyometers the owner may simply not notice any discharge and sound the alarm too late, what can we say about the closed stream illnesses. Symptoms of purulent endometritis can vary in cats, but most often they are as follows:

  • Offensive vaginal discharge in the open course of the disease (from light beige to dark brown);
  • Lack of appetite, but thirst;
  • Vomiting, diarrhea, frequent urination;
  • Weight loss (with a significant increase in the abdomen in size in cases of a closed course of the disease);
  • Fever; fever;
  • Painful appearance (lethargy, dull hair);
  • The cat reacts painfully to touching the stomach and area groin;
  • Enlarged uterus with palpation and genital organs with visual inspection.

Most often, such symptoms may appear 2-4 weeks after estrus, but there are cases when the disease develops later a few days or months after the time “X”.

Diagnosis of pyometers in cats

When observing restless behavior in a cat, as well as in the presence of some of these symptoms, and especially in cases when there is a discharge or pathologically swells cat’s stomach, the owner is obliged to urgently deliver the cat to the veterinary clinic for diagnosis and treatment. The most reliable detection method cat’s pyometers is an ultrasound of the uterus. X-rays are often also allows you to determine the presence of the disease, but is harmful and an already weakened body. Urine and blood tests are also often carried out by a veterinarian, but usually can only be detected the presence of infection in the body, without determining inflammation in area of ​​the uterus.

Treatment of pyometers in cats

After diagnosis, treatment with pyometers suggests medical or surgical course. The owner doesn’t should be treated at home, and also ignored disturbing symptoms of the disease. Treatment with medications suggests the use of antibiotics and hormones, as well as sanitation uterine cavity. Often it inspires greater trust among owners since there is no surgical intervention, but medication the treatment method is fraught with relapses of the disease in the future. Such an approach to treatment is justified by the desire to leave the cat behind the opportunity offspring. Surgical treatment of pyometers implies an operation to remove the uterus and ovaries, which is not will allow the disease to reappear in the future. Treatment exception surgeons can do for animals that are not in able to tolerate anesthesia. Reproduction after surgery also impossible due to the removal of such important reproductive organs.

Prevention of pyometers in cats

In cases where the owner does not want to give the cat an opportunity giving birth, it’s most reasonable to choose the most radical method – sterilization, after which the pyometra disease is excluded. IN in other cases, pay attention to sexual contacts cats, her lifestyle. Medications should also acquire after consultation with a doctor, and not arbitrarily treat a cat. To know not only about inflammation of the endometrium, but also about others serious illness, the animal should be shown to the veterinarian at least every six months and carefully monitor its condition.

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