Currently, more than four hundred are officially registered dog breeds. There are guard dogs, guide dogs, some breeds are intended for use in the army, at customs, for rescue people during emergencies. But there is a large number of breeds whose purpose is to obtain pet. Such a dog should live without problems in city apartment, to be clean, not evil, to have a pleasant appearance and be faithful to the owner. This type includes rocks, recently appeared: ODIS (Odessa domestic ideal dog), Russian salon dog, a scarecrow (a mixture of a beagle and a pug), Teddy Roosevelt Terrier, kava-pu-chon, pomsky and St. Petersburg orchid. Petersburg orchid occupies a worthy place among representatives decorative dogs.
- 1 History and characteristics of breed standards
- 1.1 History of creation
- 1.2 table: a description of the external data of dogs of the breed Petersburg orchid
- 1.2.1 Photo gallery: varieties of the color of St. Petersburg orchids
- 1.3 Character
- 1.3.1 Video: St. Petersburg Orchid
- 2 How to choose a puppy of St. Petersburg orchid
- 3 Dog Care
- 3.1 Haircut
- 3.1.1 Video: haircut of the St. Petersburg orchid
- 3.2 Bathing
- 3.3 Permanent hygiene procedures
- 3.4 How to feed a dog breed St. Petersburg orchid
- 3.5 Walk
- 3.6 Knitting Features
- 3.1 Haircut
- 4 Parenting and training
- 5 Diseases and vaccinations
- 6 reviews
History and characteristics of breed standards
- 1 History and characteristics of breed standards
- 2 How to choose a puppy of St. Petersburg orchid
- 3 Dog care
- 4 Parenting and training
- 5 Diseases and Vaccinations
- 6 Reviews
Petersburg Orchid, or Neva Orchid – recently appeared breed of small dogs. As the name implies, this The breed was bred in St. Petersburg. Dogs are different good character: always affectionate, friendly, loyal to the owner, are smart. They have an unusual appearance.
Petersburg orchid has an unusual appearance
History of creation
The breed was created in 1997 by a dog breeder Nina Petrovna Nasibova in his nursery “From Lake Dolgoe.” The purpose of her work was breeding of a new decorative breed capable of dignity represent the domestic dog market. What breeds were taken for basis, Nina Petrovna did not report. As for the name, then, according to the author, it appeared by itself when looking at these small dogs: their color and long slightly wavy hair they resemble a rare flower.
Prior to this, N.P. Nasibova was known for breeding Russian toy terrier and had experience in breeding new breeds of dogs.
Breeder Nina Nasibova with her pets
To breed and fix the breed, the cynologist needed three of the year. The resulting selection patent is guaranteed by N.P. Nasibova sole control for breeding dogs breed “Orchid Petersburg “and” Nevskaya Orchid “for thirty years. Despite the fact that the breed has not yet received recognition in Russian Cynological Federation, it already has a lot fans. There is a club called Orchid Petersburg “, breeding this type of dogs. His Nina Nasibova herself leads. The club includes breeders of the new breeds working across the country under the control of the author.
Table: description of the external data of the St. Petersburg breed dogs orchid
|general characteristics||Small, very mobile dog with a slightly elongated torso. Has a dry, moderate muscle and medium backbone fortresses.|
|Height||Does not exceed 30 cm.|
|Weight||Up to 4 kg.|
|Head||Medium dry. The lines of the muzzle and forehead are parallel.|
|Muzzle||The muzzle is one third of the length. Not narrow but slightly pointy. The nose is small. can be black or in color color.|
|Eyes||Oval, small, located straight and wide, dark colors.|
|The ears||Medium sized, hanging on cartilage, rounded, planted high.|
|Teeth||Small, the bite is correct.|
|Torso||The neck is high set, slightly curved, long and dry. Index body extension 106–108. The back is straight, wide. Withers well pronounced, like the lower back. The angle of the groats is 15–30 °. Chest deep, wide. Belly tightened well. The paws are small, oval.|
|Tail||Set below the back line, can be stopped on two vertebrae. In its natural state, it is saber-shaped or held by a ring.|
|Wool and color||The coat is quite stiff, long, moderately thick, allowed light waviness. If you walk a lot with your dog in the winter, the undercoat appears. Color can be anything except white colors: wheat, cream, cognac, fire gray, black and tan, brick red. White spots on paws are allowed, muzzle, chest.|
These are far from all color options. It is believed that no two exactly the same orchids.
There are varieties of long-haired and short-haired. Shorthair is called Neva Orchid.
Photo gallery: varieties of St. Petersburg orchid color
- This breed is allowed to have white spots on the chest, legs and face
- Tiger fire ash color – one of the most beautiful
- Muruy color – a rather rare species
This is a cheerful and active dog who loves to play. IN at the same time, by virtue of its size and not malignant character, adapted for living in an apartment and will become a great companion for a person of any age. It gets along well with children. Petersburg orchid is not capricious in leaving, can make friends with other pets, including cats. She is not subject to seasonal molting and may come in contact with people who are allergic to wool. Not aggressive, but at the same time not cowardly. With a keen ear can warn the owner with a barking bark about the approach of strangers. Sits calmly in the hands of the owner on walks or during a hike to visit.
The size of the dog may cause a problem, there have been cases of them injury by the owners themselves in case of careless handling.
Puppies of the St. Petersburg orchid are quite fragile creatures
The breed is still quite young, any specific no diseases were detected. With proper care, it does not hurt. Like any miniature dog, during walks it needs additional warming, especially in winter. Because of its miniature orchids have rather fragile bone tissue, especially in young age. These dogs may have problems with their teeth, so when Care must be taken into account.
On average, dogs of this breed live for about fourteen years. At attentively and carefully, such a pet will be long to please you and your loved ones with a funny appearance and friendly character.
Video: St. Petersburg Orchid
How to choose a puppy of St. Petersburg orchid
If you are going to buy a pet for the next one and a half ten years, decide for what purpose you are doing this: do you want you just get a close being in need of your care; or are you going to participate in exhibitions showing achievements his pupil; or even want to breed this breed. The cost of puppies varies significantly: from 20 to 60 thousand rubles. If you want to be sure that you get a puppy of this breed, remember: the right to breed and dogs are sold only to members of the Orchid Club Petersburg “. Puppies have a stamp on the thigh, starting with the consonant “T”, and in two months they get a passport and related documents. When you purchase a pet from a member of the club, you get a contract, puppy passport, vaccination information and others documentation.
Be careful if you want to get a purebred dog. Taking advantage of the popularity of the new breed, dishonest breeders offer purebred puppies under new names: “Moscow orchid “,” Nevsky Fleur “.
Puppies of this breed can be bred only in the club “Orchid Petersburg ”
A pet of the breed St. Petersburg orchid is undemanding in care. Of course, as a pet, he must be accustomed to hygiene procedures and toilet. You need maintain the condition of the coat and cut it in time. Clean, does not have a “dog” smell, it can be trained walk in a cat tray or on a special napkin, so in he does not need a daily walk. Even long-haired the variety does not require daily combing, since there are no seasonal molt of such dogs. Claws are cut as they regrowth.
The hair growth rate in dogs of this breed is 1 cm in 30 days. To maintain the appearance, a haircut is made through two months. It can be done independently. When buying a puppy the breeder will explain to you how to do it right, as there is branded haircut for this breed, emphasizing its features. She resembles a cocker spaniel haircut:
- The machine removes wool on the back and chest.
- Do not cut bangs on the forehead, beard and mustache.
- Ears do not touch, long and fluffy hair is special decoration.
- The tail is trimmed completely.
- On the legs, the fur is only trimmed.
- Between the fingers and paws, the hair is completely cut off.
Video: haircut of the St. Petersburg orchid
One of the reasons for the popularity of the St. Petersburg orchid is its beauty wool. But so that the appearance of the pet remains attractive, care must be taken. From an early age the dog accustom to washing and subsequent drying with a hairdryer. Water procedures are carried out at least once in a decade. To prevent the dog from sliding its paws along the bottom of the bathtub, You can put a rubberized mat. When washing to maintain shine and silky coat it is advisable to use special shampoos and balms.
You can never comb dirty wool, from this it begins chopped off and fades. If there is no opportunity to wash your pet better use dry shampoos in the form of sprays.
A well-groomed dog, especially one as cute as an orchid, always looks attractive.
Petersburg orchid – a decorative dog resembling flower
Permanent hygiene procedures
That the pet was cheerful and active, it is necessary to follow for his hygiene. In constant need of care:
- ears: they must be cleaned at least once a week a special lotion using cotton buds. It’s better do after bathing;
- eyes rubbed daily with a cotton swab dipped boiled water, although you can use the appropriate lotion. Spend a swab from the outer edge of the eye to the middle of the muzzle;
- teeth: orchids are taught to brush their teeth right away. It must be carried out at least once a week, more often. And also need to attend Dentist for periodic examination and removal of dental stone by ultrasound. With insufficient oral care dogs can start gum disease;
- paraanal glands (bags) located near the anal passage If improperly fed, they can become inflamed. Signs such a disease: the dog licks the anus, rubs it, there is redness. Contact your veterinarian. So as not to happened, three to four times a year, it’s necessary to clean the glands, gently pushing on both sides of the anus and squeezing the secret of the bags. Then rinse the anus with warm potassium permanganate solution.
How to feed a dog breed St. Petersburg orchid
This breed was bred for dry feeding feed. Your pet will be full if in a bowl some feed is poured and pure water is poured (water should be constantly). When consuming high-quality feed, add any vitamins are not necessary, this can lead to hypervitaminosis dogs.
In no case should you feed food from your table. Only a small variety of vegetables and fruits (some use dried fruits). Petersburg orchids can eat any vegetables except onions and garlic. Daily supplement fruits and vegetables should not exceed fifteen percent of the total volume of food.
As a reward in the process of training, you can give a little cheese or boiled beef or chicken heart. Serving Size – a cube with an edge of half a centimeter or a little more. For improvement quality coat and skin breeders recommend introducing olive oil ration – a few drops on the tip of a teaspoon everyday.
Miniature dogs do not need a lot of food
Despite the fact that decorative dogs are accustomed to walking in tray, they still need a walk. Depriving them of this pleasure, you worsen the conditions of detention. To dogs you need fresh air and communication with your relatives.
For a walk you need to have a collar and a tape measure. The size the collar is selected so that between the collar and the dog’s neck two more fingers came in. We are not talking about the muzzle, since there are no muzzles of this size. Train your collar and leash necessary in advance. You need to walk with them around the apartment several times in five minutes a day. Do not let the dog behave: it’s you control her, and not vice versa. When walking in unfamiliar places, and also keep your pet on narrow sidewalks and pedestrian crossings closer to yourself. If necessary, such a dog can be taken on hands, for example, in transport, so that it does not accidentally injured.
Great if there is a dog walking area nearby, and You will find an ally in games for your pet. But you have to be attentive, as a small dog can offend not only large dogs, but even cats.
Active outdoor activities are more than just pleasure, but also physical activity, preventing obesity, improvement of immunity.
If the weather is cold, you need to think about clothes for your pet. And we must not forget that with walking along the street the dog needs to be protected from ticks. One time in a month treat wool with products from these parasites, regardless from whether you live in urban or rural areas.
Dog coat must be treated with tick remedies
Since the breed is young and still in its infancy, in order to prevent deterioration of the characteristics of the offspring, it is necessary careful selection of pairs for mating and strict rejection of offspring. It is difficult for a layman to do this. All bindings of the St. Petersburg orchid are fixed in the breed club and to select a pair you must contact there. Please note that girls weighing less than 1.5 kg may not tolerate offspring and die.
Orchid litter usually has five to seven puppies. Milfs take great care of their children, but trust the owner completely and allow the kids to pick up.
Like regular dogs, pregnancy lasts about sixty days. Prepare for childbirth in advance. If the owner does not know what to do during childbirth, and the dog whelps for the first time, it’s better arrange assistance: or with the breeder from whom you purchased dog, or with a veterinarian.
Signs of childbirth cannot go unnoticed:
- aimless pet fermentation at home;
- the dog climbs into its “nest”, start digging there. Small pets hide in secluded, inaccessible places;
- directly childbirth in dogs begins with labor.
After the appearance of the puppy, you need to remove the amniotic membrane and cut the umbilical cord, if the dog did not bite it. After puppy must leave the placenta (placenta). Necessary count the number of afterprints: there must be at least number of puppies. If there is a suspicion that the last out, be sure to contact your veterinarian.
The birth of puppies is an important and pleasant event in the house
After the birth of the puppies, you, of course, will have more worries. But how much joy these funny little balls will bring!
Parenting and training
Petersburg orchid – a smart dog and quick-witted. She is easy to educate.
For such miniature dogs, the most important part of training is toilet training. This process begins when the puppy kept with mom. Already from the age of three weeks, barely offspring takes the first steps from mother, begins accustoming to going to the toilet on a napkin. When a little orchid gets in a new home to a new owner, she’s all unusual and scared.
Puppies begin to accustom to the toilet from the age of three weeks
The toilet training algorithm:
- While the puppy has not adapted, moving around the apartment limit to one room without carpet.
- Next to the couch you need to put food and water and put nearby the familiar napkin that the breeder should give you when buying dogs: a familiar smell will help the puppy decide correct behavior.
- When the dog goes on a napkin, it must be praise, encourage a small piece of goodies (cheese, boiled chicken or beef scar). If the very first time the puppy didn’t go to the intended place, just move the napkin there.
- If your pet makes puddles in the wrong place, you need him to punish, but in no case to beat. For the dog, the punishment when they take her at the withers and poke her nose into the puddle. After this action In no case should you put your pet on a toilet tissue. The dog will perceive this as a ban on the use of this subject.
- After a period of adaptation and obtaining the desired result, each day, slowly move the toilet tissue to the place where planned, or put in the tray.
This type of training is one of the easiest and best. obtained even by inexperienced dog breeders.
If you wish, you can teach your pet the commands: sit, to me, fu, voice. But usually, miniature dogs are not teach.
Diseases and Vaccinations
The first vaccination is given to puppies at the age of eight, when they still live with mom. The second vaccination is done exactly three weeks later and is called revaccination. Her goal is fix the result of the first vaccination, as in the two-month puppies are still sucked by their mother, and antibodies are found in her milk, which interfere with the development of immunity in the baby. If they didn’t do an eight-week vaccination, then only one is given.
Vaccination provides immunity against dangerous diseases: carnivore plague, parvovirus enteritis, adenovirus hepatitis, leptospirosis and rabies. There are different schemes further vaccinations. But Nina Nasibova for her pets recommends repeating the vaccine every year, preferably in the same month. A week before this procedure, the dog needs etch worms, it does not matter, an orchid walks along the street or just sitting at home.
In general, deworming should be carried out regularly every three months. This will protect you and your pets.
The dog breed Petersburg orchid is not just a dog, it is a gift of fate. Pluses: enthusiasm, activity, joy and love. Disadvantages: likes to sit on his hands and may even fall asleep. But a hurricane positive emotions negates this disadvantage.
Last year, at work, my wife was presented with my wife puppy, a girl of the breed “Petersburg Orchid”. I will briefly state that this is not just a dog, it is a gift of fate, in the pedigree it is written. The dog is very energetic, loves to play with toys, observe the owner, if something fell in another room, then she immediately present at the scene. We still have a cat, and when he fights on the street, guarding his territory, she does not hesitate helps his friend in the fight, although there is little benefit, because any cat it will be mastered, but boil up so much that the aggressor leaves the battlefield. The dog is not aggressive, good-natured, loves affection, if for a long time you don’t pay attention to her, she will immediately remind about herself, she’s suitable and pushes you with a paw. But when you get home from work, then A hurricane of emotions and a dog dance are waiting for you, standing on your hind legs and jumping in a circle. You will never forget this. If you are single and not only, then I recommend to start the indicated breed at home.
Petersburg orchid – charming puppies. Decorative breed. Small dogs are very affectionate, playful do not fade and do not smell. There are small crumbs on the palm and larger. Little a miracle proudly called a dog will give you love and bring to your home is joy.
They look so cute, silly and ready to love you all. heart. Very funny! We have such dogs in the yard.
Petersburg orchid – small, lively, infinitely devoted being. When this dog rushes to you at all costs, joyfully meeting on the doorstep of the house, you know exactly what life is happy moments. And even taking care of the pet will not be a burden to you, because you care about the native creation.