Why can insulin be prescribed?
Insulin is a hormone that helps your pet’s body turn food into energy. Insulin allows glucose to pass from blood to other cells of the body (reduces the concentration of glucose in blood), and also enhances the synthesis of proteins and fats. Insulin free sugar (glucose) cannot get into the cells of the body. Insulin is prescribed animal (dog, cat, etc.), when it suffers from diabetes.
How to use insulin?
- Use insulin only with a veterinarian’s prescription. Carefully Read the label and instructions for use.
- Carefully measure the dosage.
- Do not shake the insulin bottle – before filling the syringe, gently roll the bottle between your fingers or palms to mix it up.
- If you keep the drug in the refrigerator, let it warm up to room temperature in a syringe before injection.
- Use insulin at about the same time each day.
- Do not use more insulin than this. indicated.
- Try not to miss a single injection.
What to do if one injection is missed?
Inject as soon as possible. If it’s almost time for the next injection, then just keep applying insulin over regular schedule. Do not give your pet two doses at once.
How to store insulin?
- Keep the drug out of the reach of children.
- Store the drug in the refrigerator. Do not freeze it. Insulin can be stored at room temperature for 1 month. Not use insulin stored at room temperature more than 1 month.
- A closed vial may be stored until the date indicated on packaging.
- Do not expose insulin to heat or sunlight. This will greatly reduce its shelf life.
What are the possible side effects of insulin?
- If the animal receives too much insulin, then it may hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) develop. It may lead to disorientation, weakness, hunger, drowsiness, nausea, palpitations, cramps, and possibly coma. If the cat or dogs have cramps, then contact immediately to the vet.
- If the animal has mild side effects, then offer him food and contact your veterinarian.
- Another possible problem is high sugar in blood. Call your veterinarian immediately if the following occur. symptoms: drowsiness, dry mouth, dry skin with low elasticity, increased urination, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, intense thirst.
- Some other side effects may occur. If you noticed something unusual in your pet, how can Contact your veterinarian faster.
Is there any interaction with other medicines?
- Inform your veterinarian about any other medicines the drugs and supplements you give your pet.
- In some cases, the veterinarian may prescribe two different medicines that can interact with each other. If this happens, then the veterinarian can change the dosage of drugs and control the animal more closely.
- The following drugs may interact with insulin: anabolic steroids, alcohol, beta-blockers, inhibitors monoamine oxidases, cuanethidine, phenylbutazone, sulfinpyrazone, tetracycline, aspirin and other salicylates, glucocorticoids, dobutamine, adrenaline, estrogen / progesterone, furosemide, thiazide diuretics, thyroid hormones, and cardiac glycosides.
- Contact your veterinarian if your pet experiences any unusual reactions when applying a combination of different preparations.