Properly selected nutrition at an early age is the key to strong animal immune system, good digestion, excellent health status and mood of the kitten, and in the future adult animal. Therefore, the question of choosing food for a kitten is the most difficult and meaningful for its owner, especially when it comes to a very small animal whose body is not yet capable digest “adult” food.
Feeding kittens under the age of 1 month
It is preferable not to take the baby from the mother cat and allow her feeding at least until the end of the first month of life, because breast milk contains all the nutrients you need a kitten. If the baby is up to 1 month old for any reason separated from mother, the owner will have to be patient and become for the kitten is the real breadwinner and nanny. For feeding kittens should be purchased in veterinary pharmacies or pet stores special ready-made substitutes for cat milk for artificial feeding (for example, “Royal Canin Babycatmilk”, where in the kit included measuring bottles with nipples). Cat milk substitute – the best option for a baby kitten, but in the absence of opportunity buy such a product, some owners successfully feed animals and infant formula, cow, as well as goat milk. It is worth noting that cow’s milk (like goat’s milk) fat enough, some kittens are allergic to it, it can cause digestive problems. In other words, if natural feeding is impossible, the choice is best made in the benefit of a specialized artificial milk replacer, designed for kittens. In this case, the liquid must be poured into a small bottle equipped with a pacifier with a small hole, so that the kitten can independently make sucking movements, not choking at the same time. Sometimes kittens are fed with a pipette or a syringe without a needle, but in such cases it’s difficult for the owner control the fluid flow rate, in addition, a rare kitten will patiently lie down, swallowing droplets from a pipette. Before the beginning each bottle feed you can drip a couple drops of milk or the prepared mixture to the baby right in the mouth, usually after a couple days after such a warning about eating, the kitten will be grasp the nipple. The baby is fed every 2-3 hours, while prepared milk mixture or natural milk should be heated to a temperature of 36-37 degrees. It is necessary to remember about the freshness of the food that is being prepared for the smallest kittens is not it is worth preparing the mixture for future use or stocking up a few liters milk, while one meal at an early age takes about 1-2 teaspoons of liquid. You shouldn’t feed the kitten forcibly remembering that his stomach is small. If the kitten falls asleep or out small mouth bubbles appear after eating from a bottle is a saturation signal. You can start from 2-3 weeks the first feeding of the baby, gradually introducing liquid cereal (for example, semolina), cooked in milk in the case when the kitten does not have allergies and indigestion. Chicken yolk can also be mixed in porridge.
Feeding kittens older than 1 month
After the termination of feeding the kitten by the mother or artificial feeding, the baby quickly gets used to new food. Kittens at the age of 1 to 3 months should be fed 5-6 times a day, from 3 up to 4 months – 4-5 times, from 4 to 6-4 times a day, and already from 8-10 months, a kitten can receive 2 meals a day, as an adult cat. Kittens older than 1 month are injected with beef or chicken. pureed meat, boiled and chopped vegetables, cereals, dairy products, if the owner plans in the future feed the animal with natural food. If preference will be given purchased feeds, for starters you can offer several pellets softened in milk, dry industrial feed, as well as wet stern. It is at such an early age that a kitten begins to appear eating habits and preferences, later it will be difficult to translate a kitten who is used to shop feeds on his own cooked food.
Natural food for kittens
Sometimes, under the guise of natural food, the owner may mean food from your own table – tasty, but not good for the animal. Richly spiced with a lot of spices, oily, spicy, fried foods are harmful to the body of even an adult cat, and for such a diet generally threatens digestive problems with a kitten. Natural food – only fresh foods cooked specially for the kitten without adding salt, sugar and served the kitten is warm, but not hot. As products that can cook for a kitten present:
- beef (every day);
- chicken meat (4 times a week);
- offal (1-3 times a week);
- fish (1 time per week);
- egg yolk (2 times a week);
- boiled in milk or on porridge broth (every day or through day);
- low-fat dairy products (every day);
- low-fat cottage cheese (3-4 times a week);
- vegetables and herbs that can be mixed with meat (3-4 times a week);
- vegetable oil (0.5 tsp, which are added to food for digestion improvement);
- clean drinking water (which should be changed daily).
It should be noted that meat must be cooked. and shredded. Fish may be on the kitten’s menu. exclusively sea and boiled, not more than once a week, since frequent consumption of fish leads to kidney problems. River fish (especially raw) should not be given to the baby at all. avoidance of helminthiasis. Boiled vegetables can be alternated with cereals as a side dish for meat. Since the owner is pretty it is problematic to achieve the perfect cooking on your own balance of vitamins and minerals, it makes sense to consult with vet for vitamins according to the age of the kitten.
Ready-made feed for kittens
In the case when the owner of the kitten does not have the opportunity to devote time cooking, industrial feeds come to the rescue – dry and canned. For a kitten, 75% is preferable dry feed and 25% wet, but sometimes a 50/50 ratio is also may be acceptable. It is worth carefully studying not only the composition feed, but also all the manufacturer’s recommendations. More preferable to purchase Super-premium food, although they are expensive, but such food will only benefit the kitten. Advertised feed economy class (like “Whiskas”, “Kitiket”, etc.) will bring to the growing the body has problems with the digestive organs, kidneys, and liver in view of the presence of low-grade ingredients and harmful additives. Generally, really get a quality and balanced feed, for this you can trust the opinion of the doctor or independently study the composition product. If we are talking about dry food, then it should be food for kittens, in accordance with their needs, granules of such The product should be small enough. If the owner accepts the decision to feed the animal with industrial feeds, then the question The constant availability of clean water is especially acute. Sometimes owners feed kittens at the same time both ready-made and natural alternating them with food: for example, in the morning – dry food, and in the afternoon – meat with vegetables. But for the digestion of a kitten, such nutrition can be too complicated, and the amount of vitamins and nutrients will be very difficult to calculate, so the owner should decide on at a very young age, what will be the diet of his ward. FROM as long as the baby cat stops consuming mother’s milk or the mixture prepared by the owner, the owner must provide a place, reserved for feeding 2-3 bowls (for water, for dry (if this will be in the diet) and for wet food). At the same time, dishes for cats should be clean, always wash the bowl after ingestion food kitten.