Abscesses in a dog can occur in the form of pyoderma, abscesses, dermatitis, abscesses of various etiologies and severity. Not always abscesses can lead to grave consequences, but in in some cases, the lesion may affect the deeper layers of the skin and subcutaneous tissue, leading to purulent fusion of tissues. To to prevent serious complications, it is necessary to know the signs and methods treatment.
- 1. The causes of ulcers
- 2. Symptoms and manifestations of diseases
- 3. Treatment of ulcers in dogs
Causes of ulcers
The main cause of ulcers on the dog’s body is the introduction of pathogenic microorganisms into the wound surface – staphylococci, Escherichia coli, streptococci and other pyogenic microbes. Reasons why this penetration becomes possible following:
- violation of the integrity of the skin as a result of mechanical injuries (cuts, bites, scratches);
- inhalation allergy (atopic dermatitis);
- dermatitis caused by exoparasite bites;
- skin infection combined with demodicosis and dermatophytosis;
- skin manifestations of a plague;
- places of vaccinations and injections;
- due to a violation of trophic processes in the tissues (sugar diabetes, heart attack).
With pyoderma or purulent skin lesions in dogs, it can affected surface of the epidermis and hair follicles, sebaceous glands (superficial pyoderma) or deep layers of the dermis, up to subcutaneous tissue (deep pyoderma). Factors contributing to the development of purulent inflammation of the skin, are:
- violation of diet;
- change of conditions of detention;
- lack of hygiene;
- deep folds on the skin.
Pathogens are a natural component microbiocinosis of the skin and the whole body, are in the soil, air. With strong immunity, they are controlled and do not cause inflammation and pus formation. In animals whose immunity is reduced for any reason, pathogens penetrate the skin and begin to multiply, causing characteristic symptoms of inflammation and intoxication. Purulent formations vary in appearance:
- pustules – inflamed red formations, towering above the surface of the skin and filled with pus;
- nodes – deep in the skin of the cavity with purulent contents;
- cysts – formed by the fusion of nodes purulent conglomerates.
Each type of abscess is accompanied by corresponding symptoms. and manifestations.
Symptoms and manifestations of diseases
At the heart of pyoderma is the inflammatory process, which cause pathogens. Pyoderma manifests itself following symptoms:
- swelling and redness in the area of infectious an agent;
- a feeling of severe itching;
- the formation of reddish and yellowish vesicles with purulent content.
If the dog is not treated on time, then pus seeps into underlying tissues, causing their purulent fusion. Formed abscesses and boils that can be localized in various body parts. Pathology is accompanied by a local rise in temperature. Abscesses are able to merge, causing extensive purulent lesions on skin. In these places, the hair falls out, exposed covered with purulent crusty skin.
If a purulent infection invades further, deep caverns, fistulas. The dog’s body temperature rises chills, weakness, refusal to eat. Against a purulent skin lesion sepsis may develop, leading to the death of the animal. Timely seeking medical help can save animal health.
Treatment of ulcers in dogs
If the entrance gate is damage to the skin of the dog, then they are treated with antiseptic solutions – Chlorhexidine, hydrogen peroxide, Fukortsin, Brilliant green. At surface damage is enough to stop purulent inflammation.
At home, it is possible to process and treat ulcers if the animal feels normal, there are no pronounced symptoms pathology and behavior of the dog does not change, but in purulent no pungent odor.
If the abscess is located under the skin, then on its surface apply bandages with liniment balsamic according to Vishnevsky or Ichthyol ointment until the skin is thinner, and under it pus will become visible. The abscess is opened independently, and from the owner you need to treat the place with a disinfectant solution, change dressings and ensure that the edges of the wound do not close before the cavity will be completely cleaned of pus.
After a clean anemone starts to flow from the wound, without impurities of pus and blood, you can apply dressings with wound healing ointment, for example Levomikol, Stellanin-PEG that not only remove inflammation, itching, but also regenerate tissue without the risk of formation scar. If the dog has a fever, it becomes lethargic, refuses food, and green pus oozes from the wound with sharp putrid smell, you should immediately contact a veterinarian, to avoid sepsis.
The doctor opens the abscess, cleans it of pus and rinses the cavity antiseptic, establishes drainage for the outflow of pus. After overlay a sterile dressing that the owner must change daily the animal is sent home. The dog is under medical supervision until full recovery. The animal is put on a protective collar to there was no licking the wound and injuring it.
For washing an opened abscess use homeopathic agents, for example, Calendula and Hypericum saline. Them wash the wound with a syringe 2-3 times a day until it is full cleansing and healing. If the cavity is very deep, then, in order so that the wound edges do not grow together until the pus comes out completely, its washed only with a solution of salt and hypericum (Hypericum). Solution calendula is used only after cleansing the cavity.
The dog also requires medical treatment. To reduce temperatures inject antipyretic drugs or give dissolved in water antipyretic tablets. If necessary, the doctor prescribes antibiotics. As a rule, treatment of abscesses in dogs is carried out with using homeopathic remedies and vitamin therapy. To raise immunity prescribed vitamins A, C, E. In the treatment of purulent wounds apply Arnica montana. If the arnica drug is applied to cleaned and disinfected wound immediately, then it prevents the formation of an abscess and accelerates regeneration.
With spontaneous opening of the abscess and purulent discharge contents prescribe Calcarea sulphurica – calcium sulfate. is he applies if the abscess is cleansed and healing its going slowly. With the expiration of fetid pus and deep Hepar sulphuris calcareum (sulfuric liver) or Mercurius (vivus, solubilis). With suppuration around Foreign body use Myristica sebifera (Muscatus salted).
Homeopathic treatment should be carried out under the supervision of a physician. With proper and timely treatment, ulcers in the dog do not they are dangerous and in 98% of cases they are successfully treated.