Plague (Plague) is a highly contagious and serious viral a disease. The disease affects dogs and some wild animals, such as raccoons, wolves, foxes and skunks. Domestic ferrets can also be carriers of this virus. Distemper carnivores is a relative of the measles virus that infects humans and the plague virus cattle that infects cattle.
Young, unvaccinated puppies and old dogs tend to be more susceptible to disease. Puppies that have already been infected have a chance there’s practically no survival, but in adult dogs the chances are higher, their mortality rate is about 50%.
Dog plague symptoms
A virus that spreads by direct, airborne droplets or indirectly (through objects), in contact with an animal first penetrates the tonsils and lymph nodes, where breeds in one week. Then the virus attacks respiratory, genitourinary, gastrointestinal and nervous system.
In the initial stages, the main symptoms of plague in dogs are:
- High fever (above 39.7 ° C), chills
- If the dog has a sharp plague, then its temperature will rise sharply, and then the animal will fall into a coma, which almost always leads to fatal
- Red and sore eyes, watery discharge from the nose and eye
- Lethargy and lack of appetite
- Persistent cough
- possible diarrhea and vomiting
In the later stages of the disease, the virus begins to attack other body systems, especially the nervous system. The dog may begin symptoms characteristic of damage to the nervous system, such as bouts of epilepsy and convulsions.
Some strains of the virus can also cause abnormalities. expansion or thickening of the paw pads of the animal. In dogs with a weakened immune system death can occur from two to five weeks after the initial infection.
The virus can also develop from improperly attenuated vaccines, but this happens quite rarely. Bacterial infections respiratory tract and gastrointestinal tract can also increase the dog’s vulnerability to disease. Unvaccinated dogs that have any kind of contact with an infected animal, are in the group highest risk of infection.
Canine distemper in dogs diagnosed with biochemical blood and urine tests, with which you can detect a decrease the number of lymphocytes, white blood cells that protect the immune system in the initial stages of the disease (lymphopenia).
A blood serology can determine the presence of antibodies, but he will not be able to distinguish between antibodies to the vaccine and to the virulent virus. skin, mucous membranes and paw pads epithelium can also be checked for the presence of antibodies. X-ray can be used to determining if an infected dog has pneumonia.
Dog plague treatment
Unfortunately, no cure for the carnivore plague exists. The treatment of the disease is mainly focused on relief. symptoms. If an animal has anorexia or diarrhea, then Intravenous fluids will be required. Nasal discharge and eyes should be cleaned regularly. For the treatment of secondary bacterial infections, antibiotics may be prescribed. For for controlling convulsions and seizures, potassium bromide and anticonvulsants. Antiviral drugs that are would be effective in treating the plague, does not exist.
In the acute stage of the disease, the dog must be controlled the development of pneumonia and dehydration from diarrhea. Also necessary control the central nervous system, as it can happen seizures and other nervous disorders. Dog’s chances of survival will depend on the strain of the virus and the strength of the animal’s immune system. Full recovery after the plague is possible, but seizures and other fatal CNS disorders can occur from two to three months after recovery. Fully recovered dogs do not are carriers of the virus.
The best prophylaxis against carnivore plague in dogs is routine vaccination and immediate isolation of infected animals. Particular attention should be paid to newborn puppies, so how susceptible they are to the disease.
Dog Plague FAQs
What are the main signs and symptoms of a plague?
The first signs of a carnivore plague are sneezing, coughing, thick mucous discharge from the eyes and nose. Heat, lethargy, sudden vomiting and diarrhea, depression and loss of appetite also may be the first symptoms of a virus.
How do dogs get infected with plague?
The virus is transmitted from dog to dog by direct contact with urine, blood, or saliva. Sneezing, coughing, general foods and bowls for food are the main ways to transmit the virus.
When should I contact a veterinarian?
Immediately! Please consult your veterinarian as soon as possible. faster if you suspect your dog has been infected plague. The virus spreads rapidly and requires intensive treatment.
Is dog plague transmitted to humans?
No, plague is a viral disease that affects dogs, but not dangerous for humans, cats and most other domestic animals animals.
How is plague diagnosed?
Dog plague is usually diagnosed by specific symptoms, medical history, and blood and urine tests.
Which dogs are most prone to plague?
Puppies and dogs up to a year old that have not been vaccinated are most vulnerable to the virus. Most serious infections observed specifically in puppies. Newborn puppies under the age of seven weeks born of a dog that has not been vaccinated is extremely sensitive to the disease.
How can you prevent plague infection?
Make sure your dog has completed the full course of vaccination. If you puppy, then he must be vaccinated at the age of six to eight weeks. Make sure it is out of reach of anyone foreign dogs that may be infected.
How to treat plague in a dog?
There are currently no drugs that could destroy the virus. The dog will need an intensive supportive therapy, which is the basis of treatment. Veterinarians may suggest intravenous infusions and antibiotics to prevent dehydration and secondary infections, and boost your immune reaction.
Will the dog have health problems after recovery from the plague?
Dogs that recover from the plague may have cramps and other central nervous system disorders that may occur after months or even years.