Dogs of various breeds, like humans, susceptible to disease. And cataract, as well as pancreatitis and allergies, meets quite often.
This disease goes away in dogs gradually, over the years. evolving and exacerbating.
And cataract treatments for dogs are similar to treatments person.
Before buying a pet, ask if there were any in his family vision problems. Better to overpay for a healthy puppy than then spend money on his treatment
- 1 Cataract in a dog and its causes
- 2 Cataracts. Symptoms and their recognition
- 3 Cataracts in a dog and methods of its treatment
- 4 Preventive measures to prevent development cataracts
Dog cataract and causes
If the lens of the eye decreases transparency and because of it clouding light cannot pass to the retina, which means it has begun cataract.
The main reason is heredity, since it is genetic predisposition causes vision diseases more often Total.
Dog cataracts can develop regardless of breed, over the years progressing.
But nevertheless, the most loyal to her are the faithful amusing golden retriever poodles, yorkshire Boston Terriers cocker spaniels.
The critical age is 8 years, during this period cataracts are most likely.
In addition to heredity, cataracts can be caused by:
- eye diseases – glaucoma, uveitis;
- prolonged drug treatment;
- endocrine disorders – diabetes, metabolic disorders substances;
- decreased immunity;
- due to injuries;
- with contusion of the animal;
- as a consequence of the disease;
- by age.
A cataract in a dog can develop regardless of breed, with progressing for years. But still, retrievers are most exposed to her, poodles, yorkshire and boston terriers, cocker and welsh springer spaniels
Cataract. Symptoms and their recognition
Symptoms of cataracts do not always manifest themselves, and often the owners notice them too late.
The main sign of the onset of the disease is the clouded eyes of the dog.
Of course, if the animal’s age is close to venerable, nothing the scary thing is that the eyes have turned a gray-blue hue and have become less transparent, no.
This indicates the onset of nuclear sclerosis, which vision is not affected.
However, it is worth checking the dog if vision loss has become noticeable, and his eyes are becoming more cloudy.
It’s better to start cataract treatment in dogs right away, otherwise it’s great the risk that it will slip out of the retaining tissues, and in the eye will be fluid outflow blocked.
The consequence of this may be permanent blindness or glaucoma.
Symptoms of cataracts do not always manifest themselves, and often the owners notice them too late. The main sign of the onset of the disease is clouded eyes of a dog
The eyes of dogs, like the eyes of humans, are prone to other diseases whose symptoms can be mistaken for cataracts.
In case of such suspicions, it is better to consult a specialist for qualified advice.
Possibilities of modern diagnostics and good equipment veterinary clinics allow you to identify and identify characteristic for cataract symptoms.
The survey is conducted traditionally and according to a special technique, which increases the chances of a reliable diagnosis.
In time, an undetected cataract in a dog can lead to loss of view
Dog cataract and methods of treatment
Cataracts are a disease in which neither help medications, not even a diet.
Only surgical intervention can save an animal from disease and return his eyesight.
But since they can develop other diseases with age, First of all, they should be cured.
The most complicating factor in eye surgery is diabetes, which requires priority treatment.
The operation to remove cataracts in a dog depends on what stage of the disease the owner of the animal asked for help surgeon.
There are four of them:
- Cataract in the initial stage – a slight drop in vision, when the dog does not distinguish the individual details of objects due to lens opacities in the peripheral region.
- Immature cataract – vision has fallen significantly, the dog distinguishes only the outline of the object due to clouding of the central lens optical zone. Cataract at maturity – absence orientation of the dog in space due to turbidity of the entire area the lens, she only senses the light.
- Overripe cataract – the dog loses the correct light perception due to the dilution of the lens fibers and its complete decay.
- In the last stage, the animal’s eyes are completely hidden milky white shroud. This usually leads to very serious complications – glaucoma, phacolytic ulceration, iridocyclitis or subluxation of the lens.
Cataracts are a disease in which neither help medications, not even a diet. Only surgical intervention can save the animal from the disease and give him back his eyesight
Each animal in connection with individual characteristics organism and its state of health cataract develops with different speed.
It is important to notice the first signs of such a serious illness and bring the animal to treatment as early as possible.
After all, the removal of cataracts in dogs is a complicated operation, and much the greater effect of surgery is obtained at an early stage.
The most effective way to treat cataracts in dogs an operation is considered in which a clouded lens is replaced intraocular lens, or IOL.
In some cases, the IOL is replaced by an artificial lens, invading the animal’s eye.
Modern equipment and qualified staff ensure that surgery will be less traumatic, especially if the operation was performed on initial stage.
The intervention of the surgeon in this case can be avoided.
If cataracts have developed in dogs, the operation is at an initial stage can be carried out by phacoemulsification, that is, using ultrasound.
The most effective way to treat cataracts in dogs an operation is considered in which a clouded lens is replaced intraocular lens, or IOL. In some cases, the IOL is replaced artificial lens that invades the eye of an animal
A clouded lens is crushed by ultrasound to a state emulsions and through a microscopic puncture – no more than 2 mm wide – deleted.
The replacement is an artificial elastic lens, introduced into the animal’s eye through the same puncture.
The most high-quality artificial lenses is products of the German company “Acrivet”.
A rolled lens, reaching its “destination” – lens bag, unfolds and fits into place remote.
For greater safety, a puncture is done on the periphery of the cornea eyes.
Suturing, as a rule, is not performed, if this is not grounds, and the surgeon did not consider it necessary to do this.
It takes about ten days to heal a puncture, within which it is self-sealing.
Modern equipment and qualified staff ensure that surgery will be less traumatic, especially if the operation was performed on initial stage
Being one of the most modern methods, phacoemulsification can be carried out even at the last stage of cataract development – overripe, but still greater effect and less postoperative complications are obtained at the beginning of the development of the disease.
Although it was previously believed that cataracts should be “mature” – in this if it is removed, it will pass with the least complications and vision fully restored.
At an early stage, the clouded lens still retains its “softness”, and removing it through a puncture does not cause ocular tissue serious injuries.
But regardless of the stage of the disease, viscous viscoelastics – protective drugs, due to which the risk of getting mechanical injury is reduced to zero.
In cataracts in dogs, the price of surgery depends on the severity and is approximately 12,000 rubles per eye.
Plus, it is advisable to consult an ophthalmologist, price for which – 800 rubles.
At an early stage, the clouded lens still retains its “softness”, and removing it through a puncture does not cause ocular tissue серьезных травм. Но независимо от стадии болезни, в глаз собаквводятся вязкие вискоэластики – защитные препараты, благодарякоторым риск получить механическую травму сводится к нулю
Preventive measures to prevent development cataracts
As such, prevention of cataracts in dogs with the use of therapeutic agents or special nutrition feed and daily routine does not exist.
This disease requires surgical intervention.
However, if the owner of the animal will comply certain rules, a dog, even if not 100%, but from development and disease progression will be spared.
- conduct regular inspection of the eyes of your pet;
- in the presence of any changes in the appearance of the eyes contact the clinic;
- analyze the dog’s pedigree, because cataracts – hereditary disease.
There are no preventive methods for cataracts in dogs. exist. In this case, the main thing is to notice the onset of the disease in time and prevent her
The last point is desirable to implement before buying an animal, to protect yourself in the future.
It’s much more profitable to overpay for a healthy puppy, how to take an animal with a predisposition to cataract and spend a significant amount subsequently, watching his torment favorite.
Cataracts in a dog: causes, symptoms, treatment, prevention
Cataract in a dog. If your dog’s eyes look cloudy or bluish gray, go with her to the vet for survey. Perhaps this is a cataract. Take care of a friend don’t start the disease.