Dog allergy is not just a manifestation of unpleasant symptoms, but also a rather dangerous situation. It usually occurs when a new four-legged friend appears in the house, which leads to subsequent parting with him. How does the disease manifest and exist dogs that do not cause allergies?
- 1. The main symptoms of allergies in dogs
- 2. Dog allergy treatment
- 3. Allergies to dogs in children
- 4. How to choose a hypoallergenic pet
- 5. Hypoallergenic dog breeds
The main symptoms of allergies in dogs
Having discovered signs of dog allergy, people, first of all, start to think that the reason is their four-legged pet. But experts do not recommend rushing to conclusions, and even more so try to get rid of the dog as soon as possible, as the symptoms an allergic reaction to wool is no different from exposure other allergens:
- rhinitis develops, nasal mucosa swells;
- hyperemia (redness) of the skin is observed, spots form urticaria, signs of dermatitis;
- difficulty breathing, swelling in the throat;
- lacrimation is observed, allergic development is possible inflammation of the conjunctiva, the eyes turn red.
It is worth paying attention when the symptoms manifested. If immediately after communicating with the animal, then most likely we are talking about allergies on dogs. However, there are situations when the source of the disease finding out is not so simple. For example, if symptoms appear through some time after contact with the dog, or their fault is not an animal at all.
More often, an allergy occurs immediately after contact of the owner with pet, but there are cases when it occurs even when finding a person in the same room with the animal. Naturally, that such situations make source determination difficult illnesses. And, in addition, not all dogs can cause allergies, but only representatives of some breeds.
If the symptoms of the disease are associated with constant communication with your pet, it’s enough to give it away for a while and evaluate if there is improvement or not. Are the symptoms gone? So matter still in the dog.
If nevertheless more accurate diagnosis is required, then it is necessary seek advice from an allergist. To identify an allergen, specialist suggests taking a series of tests – skin and blood samples for radio allergen sorbent test. Research also helps confirm or refute a person’s confidence that the disease provokes a dog. Sometimes results indicate that as allergen favors plant pollen, moldy fungi or street the dust that the animal can bring into the house from the street, not him wool.
Dog Allergy Treatment
What to do with dog allergies? In most cases, therapy is to eliminate existing signs of the disease. For these purposes the specialist prescribes a number of drugs that are used to treatment of allergic manifestations caused by almost any allergen:
- Antihistamines that block allergen action – Suprastin, Zirtek, Erius, Claritin, etc.
- Drugs with a pronounced decongestant effect (Sudafed and other)
- Corticosteroids – are available in the form of aerosols for intranasal use.
- Vasoconstrictor drugs – used at the first sign allergies to eliminate swelling of the nasal passages.
In some cases, the doctor may prescribe a course of injections from allergies, but they are not always effective and capable cope with the existing symptoms. To improve the condition the immune system of the patient, it is possible the appointment of immunostimulants. The following drugs belong to this group of drugs: Apilak, Kagocel, Timogen, Imudon. Imunal and others
Doctors warn that you should not ignore allergic manifestations, since without treatment, an acute allergy goes into chronic form. Do not get four-legged pets for people, suffering from an ailment such as bronchial asthma, since some patients with this diagnosis show symptoms of allergy to pets. Communication with your pet can lead to exacerbation diseases, including dangerous attacks of suffocation.
Dog Allergy in Children
Most often, the children’s body responds almost immediately to the appearance of an allergen, in this case, the hair of an animal. Sometimes 10-15 minutes of playing with the dog are enough for primary symptoms of the disease. Most susceptible to allergic manifestations children under 5 years old, and if the allergen is wool, then not only its owners can act as provocateurs of the disease, but also things made of wool.
The standard symptomatology in children is slightly different from manifestations of the disease in adults, it includes the following status:
- violation of respiratory function (it is difficult for the child to breathe);
- a rash appears on the skin, it turns red;
- the child begins to sneeze often;
- mucous membranes swell.
The situation when allergies are treated deserves serious attention. with constant contact with the stimulus, that is, the pet. But, as practice shows, it is small patients living with dogs in the same house, more often than adults, get used to the allergen, and the negative reaction disappears.
Babies are also in need of special attention, so how they often show signs of an allergy to wool. The most common sign of illness in babies is atopic dermatitis. The skin of the face is more often affected, but in the process disease progression, the rash may cover other parts of the body. In addition, allergies in infants may be accompanied by edema. larynx and mucous membrane.
How to choose a hypoallergenic pet
Numerous studies have confirmed the existence of hypoallergenic dog breeds (dogs that do not cause allergies), which rarely cause disease symptoms in people prone to him. First of all, their feature is associated with lesser molting, in the time of which there is an abundant spread of the allergen. In addition, dogs are less likely to cause allergies in salivary fluid. which are low in protein, causing allergy symptoms. AND, Of course, representatives of “slobbery” breeds are not suitable for allergic owner.
But among other things, it should be borne in mind that hypoallergenic breeds can still cause disease in certain people. In medicine, there are also cases when two dogs single breeds have different effects on human health. One dog provoked an exacerbation of allergies, while the second did not cause similar negative reaction.
So how do you know in advance whether the pet will provoke exacerbation of the disease in an allergic person is impossible, it is necessary that the man stayed with the dog for a while before the new member will appear in the family. And if the body does not react in any way to proximity four-legged friend, you might think about taking a doggie in house.
If there is no such opportunity, then you need to agree in advance with the breeder about the probability of the puppy returning, if presence in housing will affect the health of one of the family. When choosing a hypoallergenic dog, some moments:
- It is worth giving preference to dogs that shed less. It is believed that a severe allergic reaction is caused animals with a long coat, however, this is not so. The risks exacerbation of the disease is higher if there is a dog with a short wool shedding constantly. In addition, cleaning short wool is quite a difficult, and sometimes impossible task. IN the house where the allergic person lives is better to take a modest sized dog, so how less wool will be separated from it than from large animal.
- Loud pets are more likely to cause allergies. Such observation is associated with the fact that when the dog barks heavily, he highlights a lot of saliva containing allergens.
Hypoallergenic Dog Breeds
The American Kennel Club conducted a study in The result of which was a list of breeds whose representatives Suitable as pets for allergy sufferers:
- Bichon Frize – a small dog from the group of lapdogs, originally from France. Does not need daily hair care, as it does not molt;
- poodle – mostly decorative dogs that also don’t fade. There are 4 types of different sizes – large, small, dwarf and toy poodle;
- york (completely called yorkshire terriers) – tiny dogs with long hair, do not have undercoat;
- Irish Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier – Strong Dogs with soft, silky hair without undercoat;
- Schnauzers – a group of breeds includes mittelschnauzers (dog medium size), miniature schnauzers (dwarf variety), Giant Schnauzers (giant schnauzers). Differ in coarse wool with dense undercoat. Wool does not fall out on its own, therefore regular plucking or trimming is required;
- mexican hairless dog (xoloitzcuintle) – dogs without wool, although in litters individuals with wool can be found. They rarely cause allergies and are odorless;
- Flanders Bouvier – large shepherd dogs, with tight, dense coat and thick undercoat. Like schnauzers, they require regular cutting and trimming;
- Bedlington Terrier is a brave little dog-like dog. They are almost do not fade, but need a haircut 3-4 times a year;
- Bolognese – a small lap-dog from Italy, like other breeds in on this list are not susceptible to molting. They should be daily comb, and cut can be optional;
- maltese is a species of bichon with a long, luxurious wool;
- american hairless terrier – dogs without hair, but require grooming leather and special clothes;
- Chinese crested dog – hairless individuals have hair on their heads, the tip of the tail and limbs, while the downy ones are completely covered with hair, but do not have an undercoat;
- Welsh Terrier (Welsh Terrier) – has a tough, non-shedding coat, rather unpretentious pet to care for;
- affenpincher – an ancient breed that belongs to the dwarf pincherams;
- dwarf spitz – includes several pedigree species – orange, japanese, german, bear type. Small dogs with very pretty appearance and fluffy wool.
When choosing a hypoallergenic pet, it should be borne in mind that if at home there is a person who is allergic to wool, is still limit your pet’s presence in the bedroom, and monitor animal hygiene. Then the owners will be healthy, and the four-legged friend is happy.