Assessment of breed characteristics
|Adaptability Definition of how easy a dog is. can adapt to changes in life.|
|Shedding Level Level and frequency of hair loss in animal.|
|Level of tenderness Level and amount of tenderness and affection that the dog gives back in return for attention to itself.|
|Need for Exercise Daily Activity Level dogs.|
|Social need Required number of dog contacts with other animals as well as people.|
|Housing ratio Factor that determines the level of noise and other inconvenience that the dog can deliver to the owners in the ratio the size of the apartment to the size of the dog.|
|Grooming Number of bathing, combing, as well as necessary number of professional grooming sessions required the dog.|
|Friendliness in an unfamiliar environment society with strangers or in an unfamiliar environment.|
|The tendency to bark The tendency to bark and its frequency and volume.|
|Health Issues Potential Health Status dogs.|
|Territorial tendency of the dog to protect his house, yard or even a car owner.|
|Cat friendliness A trend towards cat tolerance and reduced manifestation of hunting instincts.|
|Intelligence Dog’s ability to think and solve emerging difficulties (not to be confused with learning!).|
|Education and training Level of difficulty in training a dog perform certain actions.|
|Friendliness for children Factor determining how much the dog friendly to children, whether she likes to play with them and endure some children’s pranks.|
|Game activity The concept is determined by its very name, and, usually found in almost all dogs.|
|Observability Dog’s ability to detect presence a stranger in his territory.|
|Friendliness for other dogs Dog’s tendency to find common language with other relatives.|
Brief description of the breed
Problem caused by badgers and other animals living in burrows, has occurred in many countries. Therefore breeding short-legged dogs with an elongated torso had a special need, because only such dogs could expel the pest from the hole. First the dachshund breed became a representative of such dogs, and she appeared in Germany. For 500 years, dachshunds spread throughout territory of the country. They were appreciated for their sharp scent, small size, persistence in digging and courage in the face of a formidable enemy.
Pluses of a dachshund
- Tied to the owner;
- Ideal for family;
- A good friend for an adult child;
- Cheerful and playful;
- Clever, with a pronounced personality;
- Loyal to surrounding animals;
- Can live in a small apartment;
- The care is not very troublesome.
Cons of dachshunds
- Very stubborn;
- Has a tendency to dominate;
- Jealously of its owner;
- Pretty noisy;
- Digging holes in the garden;
- Prone to spinal diseases;
- Voracious, prone to overweight;
- Dogs are hyperactive sexually.
Maybe the dachshund is the smallest representative of the hounds. dogs, but she, without a doubt, is their most intelligent representative. The first thing you pay attention to is physique dogs. People who know this breed well appreciate the dachshunds for their character, intelligence, hunting abilities and absolute devotion to one’s the owner. About dachshunds very accurately wrote H.L. Mencken: “the dog’s gender height and a half in length. “Dachshund is one of the most popular breeds in Russia and the world. These short-legged and oblong dogs very brave, and sometimes even desperate. They are always ready to take badger, which they were taken to hunt. Dachshunds are very active and funny dogs that are sometimes difficult to train at home conditions. They are characterized by waywardness and enough anger, inherent to hunting dogs, in connection with which, many families in which there are children who do not dare to start such a breed. These animals with wary of strangers, usually at the slightest suspicion, the dachshund barks loudly, sometimes even to rustling fallen foliage. The peculiarity of barking at the slightest occasion is the reason why the fee should not be left alone in the yard or keep it in the fresh air. This breed came from dogs, who were bred for the fearless pursuit of prey, which hiding in holes. Therefore, the dachshund has such qualities as aggressiveness towards other dogs, persistence and a special love for digging. Taxes are of two types: miniature and ordinary. Ordinary weight dachshunds can be from 7 to 14 kilograms, and miniature – less than 5 kilograms. These dogs also differ in three types. coat: smooth-haired, coarse-haired, long-haired. Representatives of all types of wool can have a different color: plain, colorful, with bright spots, etc. In principle, dachshunds have proven themselves in the role of family dogs, most importantly to control that children, when playing with dogs, do not deliver them inconvenience. These dogs are very adaptable, especially not whimsical, therefore suitable even for single people and retirees. Dachshund color, as already mentioned, very diverse. Solid red color, probably the most common color, but also common cream, black or chocolate color. You can meet fawn or in dachshund apples, when dark spots are combined with contrasting red. Taxes are always on the alert and they differ in piercing barking. Such qualities make these dogs excellent guard dogs. Owning these dogs would be nice to have ramps or low stairs near home furniture to dachshund jumping from the sofa or beds, did not hurt the back. Keeping a dachshund is also necessary right: holding it by the back and front of the body, in Otherwise, you may damage the back of your pet.
Most dogs of this breed have a similar anatomical structure: elongated torso and very powerful, strong and muscular front A body part well suited to tearing holes in the ground. The chest is well defined, with prominent depressions in both sides, elongated, back straight, lumbar wide and rounded. Paws are short and strong, forelegs are more markedly exposed outward than the rear, which are directed forward. The head is set on a long, muscular, slightly arched neck, has wedge shape. The shape of the skull is not very prominent, on the face the hump of the nose is clearly visible. The eyes are dark, almond-shaped, medium size with expressive eyebrow. Ears hanging long, adjacent to the head. If you compare by type of breed, then, in comparison with wire-haired and short-haired dachshunds, the head the long haired dachshund is tidier and the ears are longer and lower planted.
Photo of Dachshund dogs |
When in the tomb of the pharaoh were found images of short-legged dogs with a long torso (which date by historians as 4000 BC), tax connoisseurs have received confirmation that the origin of the breed is rooted in ancient Egypt. Nowadays it’s hard to say for sure whether the images were actually ancestor of a dachshund, or just a dog with short legs and a long body that resembles her very much. However, despite studies of so distant times sounds more convincing statement that the homeland of dachshunds is today’s open spaces Germany, because it is there that the first mention of this breed. Already in the XIV century there are such records: “dogs with short legs are much easier than the rest to get under land, and they are more suitable for hunting a badger. “It was dogs specially adapted to track down badgers in burrows, whence their name came from: “Dachshund” – in translation from German “Dachs” means badger, and “Hund” means dog. Representatives of the same breed, but smaller, were taken to hunt a rabbit and Ermine: The emergence of a dachshund in the form in which it is familiar to us today, a large number of dog breeds preceded: Bavarian mountain hound, dwarf pinscher and terrier. First breed standard adopted in 1879 and since then dachshunds are becoming more and more popular. In 1880, it was first listed in the standard book. breed, and in 1888 the first German dachshund club was founded. Already soon, literally three years later, in 1891, the first club exhibition, which presented about three hundred individuals dachshunds! Four years later, the first mandatory separation of the breed, given its coat and body weight. it the division still exists. The oldest representative the dachshund is considered smooth-haired. As a result of her crossing with a breed of long-haired curly cocker spaniel long haired dachshund. But the wire-haired dachshund arose in as a result of crossing a smooth-haired dachshund with terriers, in the first turn with a dandy-dinmont terrier, as well as a miniature Schnauzer. These three species of breed are represented in different weight categories: standard, miniature and rabbit. All of them have certain differences and are evaluated at exhibitions by separately. Therefore, according to the standards of MKF-148, one sample was adopted breeds with nine possible varieties that can differ among themselves by the type of coat and body weight.
This breed of dog is described as smart and courageous. Her representatives never give up, it is here that it will be appropriate to say that size doesn’t matter. Although all dachshunds are brave and fearless, everyone each species has its own personality. For instance, wire-haired dachshunds have slightly buffoonish qualities. Them can be seen in a rather funny way, for example, they can grab one end of the toilet roll and start running around throughout the house. Long haired dachshunds are softer temperament, they are quiet and elegant, more submissive. Smooth coat the dachshunds are distinguished by their poise and humility, they are not as active as wire-haired, but not as quiet as long-haired. You can use many words for dachshund: stubbornness, curiosity, independence, activity, but the only word which is in no way associated with this breed – shyness. The dog happily goes to meet friends, while excellent fighting enemies, she is an excellent watchman, and at the same time joyfully welcomes guests.
Maintenance and care
Any dog needs to be bathed, a dachshund is no exception, although she doesn’t need baths often. Normal bathing once per a month and a half. Naturally, if the dog is very dirty, then it is necessary to bathe without waiting for a month and a half. Smooth and long-haired dachshunds need to be combed out. It is necessary to do this. every week. This way you will keep your hair smooth. dachshunds and prevent tangling of longhair. Regular combing will ensure the cleanliness of not only the dog, but also your home. Wire-haired dachshunds require a different care for their coat. It’s better only visit a special hairdresser about 2 times a year, where the dog will cut big eyebrows and a long beard. Longhair Dachshunds can also trim excess hair between the pads of the legs. forget about ear cleanliness. They need to be cleaned with special solution to be prescribed by the veterinarian. Ears should be cleaned gently, when using cotton swabs, do not need them push deep. Try to clean only the visible part ear. And the last thing you need to do is cut your claws. This procedure is carried out approximately once every two weeks. Never do not allow the claws to grow so long that you will hear them tapping while walking!
Training and training
There is no special obedience in training and education. dachshunds. To train representatives of this breed is difficult enough, but no nothing is impossible, because the main thing is to find good motivation for dogs. Food is a good motivation for a dachshund, but having a special thinking, the desire of dachshund does not always coincide with the desire trainer. This is why learning requires special patience, attention, and sometimes a sense of humor.
Health and Disease
The most common diseases of dogs of this breed are associated with back. Dachshunds are prone to hind limb paralysis like no another breed, they always run the risk of being in a dog wheelchair wheelchairs. Spine length and short stature combined with dog activity can cause intervertebral hernias and their infringement. Sometimes, with injuries the spine, the dog has problems with bowel movements. If your favorite experiencing difficulty while walking, as well as if you find any indications of back pain – contact immediately to the vet! Often timely surgical intervention prevents the loss of normal functioning limbs. It’s hard enough to do physical dachshund exercises, not giving much load on the ridge. What already mentioned from a very early age appropriate in the apartment arrange ramps so that the dog does not jump onto the sofa, but calmly I went to him. Like many other breeds, dachshunds are prone to bloating problems. First of all, the reason this may be an excessive tendency of this breed to overeat. A completely healthy dog can feel quite unexpectedly yourself bad and even die. You should always carefully monitor the behavior of your pet. At the first sign of bloating you contact your veterinarian immediately clinic.Epilepsy, skin and eye diseases, even sugar diabetes – all these diseases can affect the body of your beloved dachshunds. There are times when a dog stalls due to hereditary factor a. Researchers have noticed that they are mostly prone to deafness. those dachshunds that were born from spotted parents color.One of the ways to obtain reliable information about possible genetic diseases of the dog are the so-called dog health registers. This is a great way to get information not not only about the health of the puppy, but also about the health of its parents. Dachshund health information can be included in the database Dog Health Information Center. For example, Dachshund Club of America requires their owners to register the pet’s health status in Register of eye diseases, and have the appropriate certificate of health status from the Orthopedic Center. Good enough a way to identify problems with ocular retinal atrophy and addiction to deafness is conducting DNA research. Should not be trusted to those breeders who assure that such a study no need to carry out due to the fact that his dogs are absolutely healthy! Most people who breed dogs make every effort to ensure that their pets are healthy and are beautiful. But Mother Nature is not always supportive of all. Sometimes even the healthiest dogs get sick. When you purchase a small friend, ask seller to provide information about diseases puppy’s parents, and if they died, then be sure to find out the reason death. It should be noted that after the dachshund hit your at home, you can definitely protect your pet from one disease – from obesity. Maintaining normal weight and warning spinal injuries will be the key to a long and happy life your dog. Remember that prevention is much easier than treatment!