What is a cat’s fever and fever?
Fever is a medical term that refers to elevated body temperature. Normal body temperature for cats lies in the range between 38.1 ° C to 39.2 ° C. Temperature considered elevated if it rises above 39.7 ° C.
What are the causes of high fever?
Fever is triggered by the presence of pyrogens. Pyrogens can be endogenous (produced by the body) or exogenous (external). Pyrogens cause a shift in normal temperature through thermoregulation center located in the hypothalamus. After that in physiological reactions occur in the body that increase body temperature.
If this is a natural process, why does it cause Problems?
Fever, or fever, may be beneficial to organism, because it interferes with the ability of viruses and bacteria to reproduction and improves the response of the immune system to foreign bodies. However, if body temperature remains high (over 40.5 ° C) in for more than one or two days, then the cat becomes weak and loses appetite, which can lead to dehydration. If the temperature remains above 41.1 ° C, edema may develop brain suppression, bone marrow suppression, as well as coagulation disorders blood.
Constant heat that persists for more than 48 hours considered very serious and potentially life-threatening cat.
What are the clinical signs of fever?
Most cats with fever become lethargic and lose their appetite. Their heart rate and breathing become more frequent.
How is fever diagnosed?
If the cat has a high fever, then the veterinarian must conduct a thorough medical examination for availability any bites, lacerations, punctures and other injuries. Besides of this, an advanced blood and urine test may be required, as well as diagnosis of the thyroid gland.
What causes fever in cats?
In most cases, fever in cats is caused by a viral infection such as feline immunodeficiency virus, leukemia virus feline or calicivirosis. Many viral infections periodically aggravate and subside, it can be expressed in the fact that healthy with the cat may experience relapse in a week or two.
Bacterial infections can also cause fever, but they, usually accompanied by obvious trauma or swelling. Besides Moreover, the infection can develop in the chest cavity (pyothorax), kidneys (pyelonephritis), in the abdominal cavity, oral cavity, due to tooth root abscess, etc. More rarely, fever occurs in due to blunt trauma, lymphoma and other tumors, or due to fungal infections.
When diagnosing, it is important to tell the veterinarian the entire medical history. cats, about all recent trips, about possible contacts with unknown or infected animals about food additives and the medicines you use, as well as any other information that may be important.
How to treat high fever?
It is important to understand that the diagnosis of high fever (fever) most likely will require wide participation from you. The vet should determine the specific cause of the fever in order to choose the right one treatment method. In cases where the diagnosis is not established, it will begin treatment based on available information. Antibiotics often are prescribed to treat or prevent a bacterial infection, which can develop as secondary. Drugs to reduce temperatures are rarely used. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for cats have been developed recently. Acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) and acetaminophen is very toxic to cats, so they should not be used without the consent of the veterinarian.
What is the prognosis for treating fever?
An accurate forecast can only be given when the exact forecast is known. cause of high fever. However, most cats are good respond to maintenance therapy such as use antibiotics and providing enough water and food. Cats with intermittent fever should be duly examined and cured before irreversible damage.