Assessment of breed characteristics
|Adaptability Definition of how easy a dog is. can adapt to changes in life.|
|Shedding Level Level and frequency of hair loss in animal.|
|Level of tenderness Level and amount of tenderness and affection that the dog gives back in return for attention to itself.|
|Need for Exercise Daily Activity Level dogs.|
|Social need Required number of dog contacts with other animals as well as people.|
|Housing ratio Factor that determines the level of noise and other inconvenience that the dog can deliver to the owners in the ratio apartment size to dog size.|
|Grooming Number of bathing, combing, as well as necessary number of professional grooming sessions required the dog.|
|Friendliness in an unfamiliar environment society with strangers or in an unfamiliar environment.|
|The tendency to bark The tendency to bark and its frequency and volume.|
|Health Issues Potential Health Status dogs.|
|Territorial tendency of the dog to protect his house, yard or even a car owner.|
|Cat friendliness A trend towards cat tolerance and reduced manifestation of hunting instincts.|
|Intelligence Dog’s ability to think and solve emerging difficulties (not to be confused with learning!).|
|Education and training Level of difficulty in training a dog perform certain actions.|
|Friendliness for children Factor determining how much the dog friendly to children, whether she likes to play with them and endure some children’s pranks.|
|Game activity The concept is determined by its very name, and, usually found in almost all dogs.|
|Observing Dog’s ability to detect presence a stranger in his territory.|
|Friendliness for other dogs Dog’s tendency to find common language with other relatives.|
Brief description of the breed
American Bulldogs (ambuli) are strong dogs with developed muscular, bold and very strong. They are turned on nowadays in as companion dogs, bodyguards, they often participate in battles. These self-confident animals are not afraid difficulties, stories are known cases when American Bulldogs fought with bulls and other large animals, going out winners. But, despite their pronounced fearlessness, American bulldogs were previously involved in helping farm economy, and participation in dog battles was a kind of “bloody” entertainment. American bulldogs are divided into classic and standard. For the classical type, pronounced musculature and large size, and standard dogs of this breed sleeker and slightly smaller in size than their classic brethren. There are frequent cases when dogs interbreed both species, which is the world a new type – mixed or hybrid. Despite belonging to a certain species, American bulldogs are characterized by increased courage, balanced psyche and ability to quickly and correctly assess the situation when there is any threat. American bulldogs are animals above average size, standard dogs are characterized by growth in limits 52-65 cm, weight – 27-52 kg. For the classic type of these dogs there are such parameters: height from 55 to 70 cm, weight from 27 to 57 kg American Bulldog Bitches Have Lower Altitude at the withers and in weight, compared to males, they look more elegant. Head these dogs are strong and wide, the standard type of skull has square shape whereas classic bulldogs have outlines the heads have a rounded shape (the face of the classic bulldogs is somewhat smaller and wider than standard). Cheeks and chin these dogs are pronounced, they flew full, but not sagging. The jaws are wide, the teeth are strong and large, a dense snack is expressed. The nose has a brown or black tint, large in size, with large nostrils. Round eyes, medium size, wide spaced, dark or light brown. The ears are strong, in the shape of a triangle, hanging, set high. American neck Bulldogs are very massive, rather short. The body is straight slightly convex in the lumbar region, sometimes present high cheek. The chest is wide, the body of the dog is powerful, muscular. The limbs are straight, wide set, medium length. Well developed shoulders and hips. The tail is low set, long, wide at its base, tapering to the tip. Wool American bulldogs short (not more than 15 mm), thick, brilliant. Color ranges from pure white to white with markings (red, brindle, red, yellow) and brindle. Live American bulldogs are on average about 10-12 years old.
Photo of american bulldog:
Photo of American dogs bulldog |
You can come across in the literature and the Web the idea that American Bulldogs are the direct descendants of modern English bulldogs. But most connoisseurs of the breed refute this fact, stating that in the blood of American bulldogs though a slight admixture of English bulldog blood, but not so much such a kinship is essential. One of the most famous breeders American Bulldogs – John D. Johnson, whom I participated in the development of the first breed Standard, has repeatedly claimed that American Bulldogs are the descendants of the New World Old English Bulldogs (now this purebred English breed considered extinct) from the UK, which were subsequently crossed with mastiffs, bullmastiffs, pit bulls and other breeds. Most dog handlers and representatives agree with this opinion. clubs and ordinary lovers of the American Bulldog breed. Today American bulldogs easily cope with many tasks – from simple service to a person as a home guard to service to the state. And before, the vocation of these dogs was participation in affairs farmers – housing protection for farmers, driving and grazing cattle, which gave the animals the name “old rural bulldog. “Often, American bulldogs were involved in the capture of the wild the beast – wolves, wild boars and others. Educated in recent years 19 centuries the breed includes dogs similar in temperament, but somewhat different in appearance. This is explained by the fact that until the start of the work of breeders was not right crosses, mixed blood of different dogs, which gave rise to a lot pedigree lines. These days, there are two types of American Bulldogs – classic and standard.
American Bulldog Character
American Bulldogs – dogs are calm and fussy, loyal, friendly to the family of his master and with devoted love to himself. Strangers are wary of mistrust, but not with malice. With other animals to contact American bulldogs are extremely reluctant (especially with dogs) because by nature they’re used to dominate, so skirmishes inevitable, especially if the dog from puppyhood is not accustomed to benevolent attitude to other four-legged. By the way they dominate not only others that are weaker in character and animal power. American Bulldogs will be happy to feel themselves as leaders and with a master, if one has a warm-hearted character. That is why it is desirable to have such a dog for the owner who will be able to build relationships with animals in which only the man himself will always dominate, and the dog will be him obey. Children are good-natured when it comes to correctly (and on time) a well-bred dog. Sometimes in litters overly aggressive or cowardly individuals are born that traced from an early age. From buying such a dog it’s better to refuse, because to accustom her to the correct behavior it will be extremely difficult. American Bulldogs are smart, strong and universal dogs, which can be good watchmen, and human friends, and engage in battles, and also serve in power departments.
Maintenance and care
Although the ampoules are short-haired, they need regular combing old hairs with brushes and rubberized mittens for removing wool (especially during molting, when the procedure is carried out daily or at least several times a week). Dogs of this breed often molt throughout the year, rather than only in the autumn and spring periods, this applies more often to those animals that live in apartments and not in the fresh air. Frequent combing solves the problem of a large amount of crumbling wool. They bathe these dogs about 2-3 times a year with special hypoallergenic drugs. Two main nuances American Bulldogs – profuse salivation and the presence of folds on the face, in which food or dirt can accumulate (which is fraught allergic skin reactions). Suitable several times a day wipe the dog’s face with a saliva napkin and monitor cleanliness folds. The owner must also inspect the entire body of the dog for parasites and it is necessary to carry out the prevention of bloodsucking (fleas, ticks, etc.). Claws of dogs are trimmed with a clipper 1-2 once a month. Mandatory control of the mouth with special toothbrush and toothpaste (toothbrushing can be carried out daily or at least a couple of times a week). The owner should also wipe the dog’s eyes with a cloth, brush your ears with cotton swab (moistened with a special ear cleaner or plain water). Periodically should be examined independently. the dog for the presence of alarm signals – swelling, pathological discharge from the nose, eyes and ears, you need to know the temperature norm dogs (it should be between 37.5-38.5 degrees, and in puppies a bit higher). It is also necessary to monitor the state of digestion dogs because constipation, diarrhea, refusal or vomiting may signal the presence of a serious illness. the condition for keeping American bulldogs is daily long walks and loads in the form of aporting, communication and games bulldog with other dogs on a paddling ground with the owner. With pleasure these dogs will accompany the owner during a bike ride. It is advisable to provide a dog toys so that the animal has the opportunity to stretch for of the day. Those bulldogs that are limited in movement and cannot spend up a lot of energy often become apathetic or aggressive, they are noted in their behavior unpredictable traits. The diet of American Bulldogs is no different from the diet of dogs of other breeds. Preference can be given as natural food (low-fat meat, offal, cereals, vegetables, fermented milk products), as well as ready-made feeds of good quality (more often dry premium or extra-premium quality feeds are chosen).
Training and training
The baby-ambul must go through a difficult process of adaptation to life in new home for him, get used to the new owner and the way of life of that family, which will later become his own. And for the puppy, and it’s not an easy period for the owner, besides it’s very important – with the first months, a line of behavior of the dog is developed in relation to to the owner and his family (as well as other animals in the house, if such there is). It’s wiser to teach a dog to live in society and in a new family, based on the points that the breeder will report on the sale (which the puppy is used to eating, what kind of temperament he has, what he likes). Do not let the baby go beyond what is permitted – bite (even playfully), jump on people, chase pets, steal or beg for food from the table, spoil household items, make puddles and piles in the wrong place and do the rest “bad” things. Simple puppy commands can be trained as early as 2-3 month old. But before the cash, training should be arranged proper contact with the dog, when for her the word of the owner is the law. Only then can we start training with confidence, hoping for a good result. Those dogs that are acquired in as companions, must undergo a general training course, You can also take a protective training course later (if the dog purchased to protect the life and property of the owner). Often ambulances acquired to participate in the hunt (search and attack of game, including large), this requires training, which can be carried out experienced owner or be trusted by a professional. If a the American bulldog will be a participant in the fighting, it is also worth considering the process of training and learning, by no means inciting animal on defenseless cats, domestic dogs. Dog fight is a kind of sport, controversial, which has fans and opponents. But the dog participating in such a “game” should always be subject to a smart host, and not be used as a machine for killing and harming the health of living things.
Health and Disease
By nature, ambulas are strong enough and differ wonderful health. With proper care, they can live around 12, or even 15 years. Often not talking about the physical problems of dogs such a breed, but about psychological problems. Cases when even champion dogs are too distrustful and also aggressive towards to people. The other extreme is shyness and timidity. But speaking of health, here are a few problems specific to this breed: dysplasia of the hip and elbow joints, allergies (including chronic), eye diseases (most often it is an inversion of the eyelid).